3D Free Form Fabrication Using the Pivoting Side Trowel with Ceramic Material
This paper presents our concepts and initial investigation of a novel construction automation approach using a new layered fabrication process called Contour Crafting (CC). The process aims at automated construction of whole houses as well as sub-components. The potential of CC became evident from the initial investigations and experiments with various materials and geometries. Using this process, a single house or a colony of houses, each with possibly a different design, may be automatically constructed in a single run. CC uses computer control to take advantage of the superior surface forming capability of trowels to create large intricate structures with smooth and accurate surfaces.
Hyungsun Kim, JianFeng Yang, Tohru Sekino, Masakazu Anpo and Soo Wohn Lee
H. K. Kwon and M. K. Jang, "3D Free Form Fabrication Using the Pivoting Side Trowel with Ceramic Material", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 658, pp. 268-271, 2010