Biomass Pyrolysis: Use of Some Agricultural Wastes for Alternative Fuel Production
The use of biomass for energy generation has aroused great attention and interest because of the global climate changes, environmental pollution and reduction of availability of fossil energy. This study deals with pyrolysis of four agricultural wastes (sawdust, sugarcane straw, chicken litter and cashew nut shell) in a fixed bed pyrolytic reactor. The yields of char, liquid and gas were quantified at 300, 400, 500, 600 and 700oC and the temperature and pressure effects were investigated. Pyrolytic liquids produced were separated into aqueous and oil phases. XRF spectroscopy was used for qualitative and quantitative elemental analysis of the liquids and solids produced at whole temperature range. Calorific value analysis of liquids and solids were also performed for energy content evaluation. Experimental results showed sawdust, sugarcane straw and cashew nut waste have very good potential for using in pyrolysis process for alternative fuel production.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
L. M. Kimura et al., "Biomass Pyrolysis: Use of Some Agricultural Wastes for Alternative Fuel Production", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 660-661, pp. 259-264, 2010