The pyrolysis kinetics of sugarcane bagasse in nitrogen flow was studied by thermogravimetric analysis from room temperature to 1173 K at different heating rates (1.5, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 30 and 50 K/min). As there are three distinct devolatilization peaks in the DTG curve, each peak was associated to thermal decomposition of an individual biomass subcomponent (hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin). The kinetic model adopted was a consecutive reactions model. The kinetic parameters of the pyrolysis process, such as activation energy and pre-exponential factor, were calculated by least squares non-linear method and Scilab are used as the simulation tool. The simulated results showed a good agreement with the experimental data and the parameters found are similar to reported by the literature.