A Comparative Study of the Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels Obtained by Powder Metallurgy Techniques for Application in Dental Prosthesis
- Ferromagnetic stainless steels (SS) produced by powder metallurgy (PM) techniques have been investigated as potential candidates for dental prosthesis applications in replacement of magnetic attachments made of noble and expensive alloys. Two SS were investigated: SS 17-4 PH produced by powder injection (PIM) and SS PM2000 obtained by mechanical alloying. In vitro cytotoxicity analysis of the two SS showed no cytotoxic effects. The magnetic retention force of both tested SS was also evaluated and they were comparable to noble commercially available material that is in use at the moment. The corrosion resistance of both SS was evaluated by electrochemical techniques in sodium phosphate buffer solution (PBS) at 37°C. The AISI 316L SS was also tested under the same conditions for comparison reasons. SS samples tested showed passive behaviour in the electrolyte, but they also presented susceptibility to pitting. The best pitting resistance was associated to the PM2000 whereas the 17-4PH PIM showed the highest pitting susceptibility among the tested steels. The results pointed out that the PM2000 SS might be considered a potential candidate for substitution of high cost magnetic alloys used in dental prosthesis.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
R. A. Marques et al., "A Comparative Study of the Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels Obtained by Powder Metallurgy Techniques for Application in Dental Prosthesis", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 660-661, pp. 617-622, 2010