Technology of Ultrasonic and Pulse Electrodeposition for ZnSe Thin Films
The ZnSe thin films are co-deposited in the ZnSO4, Na2SeO3 and sodium citrate acidic solution, and the mechanism of the ultrasonic and pulse electrodeposition for ZnSe films is explained by the electrode-solution interface action model. Ultrasonic increases the activation energy of the [ZnCit]- and HSeO3 - and improves flow field of the solution between electrode and solution interface. The pulse current promotes the diffusion of solution and advantageously realizes the co-deposition of ZnSe films. The ZnSe thin films are pulse electrodeposited in zinc sulfate, selenite sodium and sodium citrate acidic solution with the action of ultrasonic. Finally, the ZnSe films have been characterized by the scanning electron microscope (SEM), the energy dispersion analysis of X-ray (EDAX) and X-ray diffraction (XRD).
Yuan Ming Huang
C. G. Zhang et al., "Technology of Ultrasonic and Pulse Electrodeposition for ZnSe Thin Films", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 663-665, pp. 1234-1237, 2011