Nanostructure Evolution of ZnO in Ultra-fast Microwave Sintering
Grain growth is inevitable in the sintering of pure nanopowder zinc oxide. Sintering depend on diffusion kinetics, thus this growth could be controlled by ultra-fast sintering techniques, as microwave sintering. The purpose of this work was to investigate the nanostructural evolution of zinc oxide nanopowder compacts (average grain size of 80 nm) subjected to ultra-rapid microwave sintering at a constant holding temperature of 900°C, applying different heating rates and temperature holding times. Fine dense microstructures were obtained, with controlled grain growth (grain size from 200 to 450nm at high heating rate) when compared to those obtained by conventional sintering (grain size around 1.13µm), which leads to excessively large average final grain sizes.
J. Federico Chávez Alcalá, Alejandro Cruz Ramírez and Ma. de los Ángeles Hernández Pérez
R. F. K. Gunnewiek and R. H. G. A. Kiminami, "Nanostructure Evolution of ZnO in Ultra-fast Microwave Sintering", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 691, pp. 65-71, 2011