Preparation of PVC/Kaolin Nanocomposites through Solid State Shear Compounding Based on Pan-Milling
Solid state shear compounding technology (S3C) based on pan-milling is an effective method to prepare polymer/layered mineral composites with nano intercalating structure. The PVC/Kaolin compounding powders were successfully prepared by pan-milling at ambient temperature, and then the PVC/Kaolin nanocomposites were processed by moulding The structure and properties of PVC/Kaolin compounding powder and nanocomposites were investigated by X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and mechanical tests. The results showed that the mechanical properties of PVC/Kaolin nanocomposites prepared through S3C based on pan-milling 30 cycles at ambient temperature including elongation, tensile strength and notched impact strength were remarkably improved compared with conventional filled composites. The elongation of PVC / Kaolin nanocomposites with 4 %wt. Kaolin was 274.6%, which is 187.3 % higher than that for a conventional filled composite. The tensile strength was 54.0 MPa, which is 6.3 MPa higher than that for a conventional filled composite. The tensile strength of the nanocomposites with 8 %wt. Kaolin was 57.5 MPa, which is 9.1 MPa higher than that for a conventional filled composite. At the same time, the notched impact strength was 4.9 kJ/m2, which is 1.0 kJ/m2 higher than a conventional filled composite. Strengthening and toughening for PVC were synchronously realized. XRD, SEM and TEM verified that S3C based on pan-milling realized synchronously pulverizing, dispersion and compounding of PVC with kaolin Through 25-30 cycles pan-milling, PVC and Kaolin powders imbedded each other and made into uniform PVC/Kaolin compounding powders and nanocomposites. The strip flake of Kaolin particles with thickness less than 50 nanometer and the aspect ratio of 10 times dispersed homogeneously in the PVC matrix.
K. S. Li et al., "Preparation of PVC/Kaolin Nanocomposites through Solid State Shear Compounding Based on Pan-Milling", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 694, pp. 350-354, 2011