Mechanisms of Thermo-Mechanical Process on Grain Boundary Character Distribution of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel
Grain boundary engineering (GBE) was carried out on 316L austenitic stainless steel with Thermo-mechanical processing (TMP), which was performed by unidirectional compression and subsequent annealing. The effect of TMP parameters including the strain and annealing time on grain boundary character distribution (GBCD) and the corresponding mechanism was investigated in the study. The results showed that high fraction of low-Σ coincident-site lattice (CSL) grain boundaries (about 55%) associating with interrupted network of random boundaries was obtained through TMP of 5% cold compression followed by annealing at 1000 °C for 45 min. The fraction of low-Σ boundaries increased with increasing the annealing time under all the experiment strain, but the mechanisms were different between the low and medium above levels of strain. Grains rotation and reaction of migratory boundaries might be the reasons of low-Σ boundaries growth in the strain of 5% and in the strain greater than or equal to 10%, respectively.
Yafang Han, Ying Wu, Guangxian Li, Fu Sheng Pan, Runhua Fan and Xuefeng Liu
M. X. Zhang et al., "Mechanisms of Thermo-Mechanical Process on Grain Boundary Character Distribution of 316L Austenitic Stainless Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 850, pp. 965-970, 2016