Mathematical Model Approach to the Solidification of Different Geometry Ingots and the Development of Shrinkage Defects in them
A mathematical modeling approach as well as experimental data analysis have made it possible to establish significant factors affecting the relative diameter of the axial porosity zone. The minimal values of this parameter determine if the ingot can be used for the fabrication of rolled steel rods over 300 mm in diameter, because chill extensive axial defects prevent from producing high quality bars of a large diameter. Commercial information analysis and experimental results have enabled to develop a model relating the axial porosity zone dimension, ingot geometry and process parameters of teeming 6.61 ton and 7.0 ton ingots. The improvement of the model obtained has enabled to establish that the axial porosity zone is primarily affected by the following factors: hot top size, slenderness ratio, the H/D ratio and insulation heat capacity. When these parameters are controlled to reduce the relative diameter of the axial porosity zone, the number of shrinkage defects decreases and the quality of large diameter rolled steel becomes better. The proposed ingot geometry improves the direction of the advance of the metal solidification front to the ingot thermal center, located in the hot top. Besides, the solidifying metal is better fed with the hot top melt.
Dr. Denis Solovev
D. V. Rutsky et al., "Mathematical Model Approach to the Solidification of Different Geometry Ingots and the Development of Shrinkage Defects in them", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 945, pp. 893-898, 2019