Materials Science Forum
The objective of this special volume is to disseminate information on current trends in the fields of explosion, shock wave and high-energy reaction phenomena and to establish a world-wide network so as to overcome the limitation, on related research fields, arising from the low number of active researchers.
The present volume provides an up-to-date, comprehensive and worldwide state-of –the art insight into Powder Metallurgy, including: New theoretical aspects of Powder Metallurgy, Modelling and Simulation, Sintered Steels, PM Nonferrous Materials, PM Tool Materials, PM Lightweight and Porous Materials, PM Functional Materials, Powder Manufacturing and Pressing, Sintering Process, Metal Injection Moulding, Full Density and Alternative Consolidation Processes, Secondary and Finishing Operations.
The study of materials in terms of their effectiveness/usefulness in device application is important to the technological development of a country: countries which concentrate on the growth and characterization of technologically important materials become developed countries. Hence, the growth and characterization of new materials is very important to many countries. This especially topical volume on the Characterization of Technological Materials reports on the technology and characterization of important technological materials. The systems covered include thermo-electric materials, thin films, nano sensor materials and semiconductors.
This volume contains the Proceedings (64 selected refereed papers) of the 6th Japanese-Mediterranean Workshop on Applied Electromagnetic Engineering for Magnetic Superconducting and Nanomaterials (JAPMED’6), organized in Bucharest, Romania, during July 27-29th 2009. This Workshop represented a landmark in the development of materials, manufacturing and electrical engineering; providing a forum for specialists from the universities, research centers and industries of many countries to establish links, share knowledge and experience and encourage cross-fertilization of new ideas and developments in design, analysis, novel-material utilization and optimisation techniques in the areas of applied electromagnetics. Also covered was the manufacturing of advanced materials from the macro-, to the nano-scale and their industrial application in modern technologies involving nanotechnology, electricity/electronics, superconductivity, electromagnetic engineering, transportation, bioengineering, energy and the environment.
The 200 peer-reviewed articles in this “Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation” special collection are a convincing demonstration of the relevance of bulk ultrafine grained and nanostructured materials, produced by severe plastic deformation, to a wide range of researchers and engineers., The total number of articles in this edition, larger than that in the 2008 edition, shows that this community is, in fact, growing. The coverage includes all aspects of NanoSPD: Principles of SPD Processing, Microstructural Evolution and Grain Refinement, Mechanical Properties of SPD Materials, Functional and other Properties of SPD Materials, Innovation and Applications.
The aim of this special collection is to present recent progress made, and reflect current ideas, in research fields where positron and positronium are involved. The contents cover a wide range of positron-related research topics; including both fundamental (theoretical calculations, radiation chemistry, hyperfine interactions, positronium physics and chemistry) and applied (metal, polymer, thin film and other materials, development of experimental techniques) aspects.
The preparation and characterization of novel materials having unique optical, electronic and electrical properties are among the most important research activities.
This work comprises eight contributions from leading experts on the topic of the mechanical behaviour of materials. The research themes described in this special volume range from surface forces, surface energies and adhesion to the indentation and nano-indentation of solids and fracture waves in glasses to spectroscopic studies of biological cells.