Materials Science Forum
This collection of papers provides the most up-to-date information available for researchers and engineers who are interested in any aspect of the field of solidification processes. Herein, theoretical analyses are presented, as well as studies of the technological problems which are associated with solidification in various gravitational environments. The topics covered range from fundamental aspects and modelling, to practical engineering applications.
The aim of this special volume was to bring together scholars, from diverse regions of the world, whose scientific achievements bear witness to their outstanding contributions to current developments in, and applications of, electron microscopy as applied to materials science and nanomaterials research.
The topics covered include: Multifunctional Nanocomposites, Smart materials, Nanoparticles: synthesis and applications, Structure phenomena and modeling, Growth of thin films, Semiconductors and optoelectronic materials, Other Nanomaterials and Interdisciplinary Topics.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
In the first part, the papers address key issues concerning the application of two classes of functional alloy: (i) NiTi alloys, having important applications in the fields of smart structures and bioengineering; and (ii) CuAlBe alloys, as applied to non-welded pipe joints. In both classes, the papers focus upon industrial-scale examples associated with two classical metallurgical processes (electron-beam and conventional melting techniques).
This work reflects the current ensemble knowledge of world-wide researchers and engineers/technologists working on various aspects of the processing, fabrication, structure/property evaluation and applications of both ferrous and non-ferrous materials; including biomaterials and smart/intelligent materials.
Chapter 1: biomaterials and integration of materials into biological systems (14 papers); Chapter 2: ceramics (12 papers); Chapter 3: composite materials (18 papers); Chapter 4: electronic, magnetic and photonic materials (25 papers); Chapter 5: metals and alloys (31 papers); Chapter 6: nanoscaled materials (11 papers); Chapter 7: polymers (17 papers); Chapter 8: materials for energy production, transport and storage (9 papers); Chapter 9: powder materials and powder technology processes (7 papers); Chapter 10: surface modification, thin films, coatings, and corrosion (22 papers); Chapter 11: simulation and modelling of materials and structures (16 papers); Chapter 12: aggregate, petrous and cementitious materials (22 papers); Chapter 13: recycling, eco-friendly materials and processes (12 papers); Chapter 14: fracture, fatigue, creep and wear (12 papers); Chapter 15: sensors and inspection techniques (4 papers).
This work on Ferromagnetic Shape Memory Alloys contains selected peer-reviewed papers. Such materials belong to the most exciting and fastest-growing group of martensitic multifunctional materials.
The selected papers cover the following topics of: Basic phenomena and theory; Structure and magnetic properties; Magnetomechanics and magnetocaloric effect; Thin films and composites; Modeling and simulations and Processing and engineering.
Strength and ductility are two of the most important mechanical properties of structural materials, but this usually involves a trade-off, because of the fundamental inverse proportionality of these two features. Since the 1980s, bulk nanostructured materials have emerged as a new class of material having unusual structures and, as a result, have attracted increasing attention. Unfortunately, most bulk nanostructured materials still do not evade the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma, and usually have very poor ductility. The poor ductility of bulk nanostructured materials has indeed become a seemingly insurmountable obstacle to the widespread technological application of structural bulk nanostructured materials.