Materials Science Forum
The study of nanomaterials is an active area of 21st-century research in physics, chemistry and materials engineering as well as biomedical engineering. Nanomaterials which are defined as substances that are in the form of spherical dot, rod, thin plate or voids of any irregular shape, but smaller than 100nm, find wide application in materials science and technology due to their very distinctive properties as compared with their bulk counterpart.
Neutron and synchrotron radiation are novel and powerful tools for stress evaluation, and are widely applied to fundamental studies in materials science and engineering, and in various industrial fields. This volume brings together the up-to-date knowledge of scientists from the academic world and industry in order to address specific topics concerning the evaluation of stresses and related phenomena using neutrons, synchrotron radiation and X-rays. Many of the presentations on stress-testing deal with samples of up to 0.5m line-pipe. Many applications of micro-beam X-ray methods are described, ranging from intragranular stress fluctuations within a grain (attributed to dislocations) to stresses in interconnects on chips. Simultaneous evaluation of tomographic and stress measurements of the same sample was shown to provide extremely clear insights into the nature and cause of damage. A major advance in the simulation of stress and strain at the mesoscopic scale has been achieved using the extended elasto-plastic self-consistent model. Such discoveries, and many others, will make this an important reference work for anyone who uses these techniques.
The main focus of this special topic volume is the development and possibilities of the MACRO language within TOPAS, with a specific session dedicated to WPPM. The collection is presented here in the form of a “macro tutorial” for the benefit of the entire powder diffraction community. More than a collection of standard scientific papers, the contributions to this special issue provide methods, tutorials and practical suggestions and solutions for the proper use of TOPAS and WPPM in a number of applications; ranging from the most common to the most refined and specific cases.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
This collection of papers provides the most up-to-date information available for researchers and engineers who are interested in any aspect of the field of solidification processes. Herein, theoretical analyses are presented, as well as studies of the technological problems which are associated with solidification in various gravitational environments. The topics covered range from fundamental aspects and modelling, to practical engineering applications.
The aim of this special volume was to bring together scholars, from diverse regions of the world, whose scientific achievements bear witness to their outstanding contributions to current developments in, and applications of, electron microscopy as applied to materials science and nanomaterials research.
The topics covered include: Multifunctional Nanocomposites, Smart materials, Nanoparticles: synthesis and applications, Structure phenomena and modeling, Growth of thin films, Semiconductors and optoelectronic materials, Other Nanomaterials and Interdisciplinary Topics.
Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
In the first part, the papers address key issues concerning the application of two classes of functional alloy: (i) NiTi alloys, having important applications in the fields of smart structures and bioengineering; and (ii) CuAlBe alloys, as applied to non-welded pipe joints. In both classes, the papers focus upon industrial-scale examples associated with two classical metallurgical processes (electron-beam and conventional melting techniques).
This work reflects the current ensemble knowledge of world-wide researchers and engineers/technologists working on various aspects of the processing, fabrication, structure/property evaluation and applications of both ferrous and non-ferrous materials; including biomaterials and smart/intelligent materials.
Chapter 1: biomaterials and integration of materials into biological systems (14 papers); Chapter 2: ceramics (12 papers); Chapter 3: composite materials (18 papers); Chapter 4: electronic, magnetic and photonic materials (25 papers); Chapter 5: metals and alloys (31 papers); Chapter 6: nanoscaled materials (11 papers); Chapter 7: polymers (17 papers); Chapter 8: materials for energy production, transport and storage (9 papers); Chapter 9: powder materials and powder technology processes (7 papers); Chapter 10: surface modification, thin films, coatings, and corrosion (22 papers); Chapter 11: simulation and modelling of materials and structures (16 papers); Chapter 12: aggregate, petrous and cementitious materials (22 papers); Chapter 13: recycling, eco-friendly materials and processes (12 papers); Chapter 14: fracture, fatigue, creep and wear (12 papers); Chapter 15: sensors and inspection techniques (4 papers).