Nanostructure, Nanochemistry and Grain Boundary Conductivity of Yttria-Doped Zirconia
This work was directed at a comprehensive study of the role of the nanostructure and nanochemistry on the transport properties of yttria-stabilized zirconia. Alumina additions lead to a decrease of sgb when the samples have clean grain boundaries, while sgb goes through a maximum in samples having glassy grain boundaries. The differences were attributed to the strong interaction between Al2O3 and SiO2 impurities leading to a glassy phase depletion at the grain-boundaries, due to a change in wettability. Moreover, XPS analyses show that Si and Y segregate near these interfaces according to a kinetic demixing process, explaining why a faster cooling rate after sintering has a beneficial effect on sgb.
Radu Robert Piticescu, Witold Lojkowski and John R. Blizzard
A. Rizea et al., "Nanostructure, Nanochemistry and Grain Boundary Conductivity of Yttria-Doped Zirconia", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 106, pp. 83-86, 2005