Studies on a High-Temperature Air Combustion Burner for a Compact Fuel-Cell Reformer
A new burner configuration for a compact fuel-cell reformer with a high-temperature air combustion concept was studied. The burner was computationally designed for a 40 Nm3/hr hydrogen-generating reformer using natural gas-steam reforming method. In order to satisfy the primary requirements for designing a reformer burner (uniform distribution of temperature along the fuel processor walls and minimum heat losses from the reformer), the features of the present burner configuration included 1) a self-regenerative burner for an exhaust-gas-recirculation to apply for the high-temperature air combustion concept, and 2) an annular-type shield for protecting direct contact of flame with the processor walls. For the present design conditions, the predicted temperature distributions along the processor walls were found uniform within 100 K variation. Thus, the present burner configuration satisfied the requirement for reducing temperature gradients along the processor walls, and consequently demonstrated that the high-temperature air combustion concept could be applied to the practical fuel reformers for use of fuel cells. The predicted uniform temperature distributions along the processor walls were experimentally demonstrated for a test burner.
K.H. Lee and O. C. Kwon, "Studies on a High-Temperature Air Combustion Burner for a Compact Fuel-Cell Reformer", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 120, pp. 135-140, 2007