Thermoelectric Properties of Zn4-xSb3 with x=0~0.5
Non-stoichiometric Zn4-xSb3 compounds with x=0~0.5 were prepared by vacuum melting at 1173K and annealing solidified ingots at 623K. Electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient at 450K increased from 1.8cm and 145K-1 for Zn4Sb3(x=0) to 56.2cm 350K-1 for Zn3.5Sb3(x=0.5) due to the decrease of the carrier concentration. Hall mobility and carrier concentration was 31.5cm2V-1s-1 and 1.32X1020cm-3 for Zn4Sb3 and 70cm2V-1s-1 and 2.80X1018cm-3 for Zn3.5Sb3. Electrical resistivity of Zn4-xSb3 with x=0~0.2 showed linearly increasing temperature dependence, whereas those of Zn4-xSb3 with x=0.3~0.5 above 450 K tended to decrease. Thermal conductivity of Zn4Sb3 was 8.5mWcm-1K-1 at room temperature and that of Zn4-xSb3 with x≥0.3 was around 11mWcm-1K-1. Maximum ZT of Zn4Sb3 was obtained around 1.3 at 600K. Zn4Sb3 with x=0.3~0.5 showed very small value of ZT=0.2~0.3.
Byung Tae Ahn, Hyeongtag Jeon, Bo Young Hur, Kibae Kim and Jong Wan Park
K.W. Jang et al., "Thermoelectric Properties of Zn4-xSb3 with x=0~0.5", Solid State Phenomena, Vols. 124-126, pp. 1019-1022, 2007