Cadmium selenide(CdSe) nanoparticles were prepared in the aqueous solution containing isopropyl alcohol by the ultrasonic irradiation at room temperature. The cadmium chloride (CdCl2) and sodium selenosulfate (Na2SeSO3) were used as the cadmium and selenium source, respectively. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Vis absorption spectra and PL spectra were used to characterize the CdSe nanoparticles. XRD analysis revealed the formation of cubic structure CdSe. TEM images showed aggregated CdSe nanoparticles with the size of nanometer scale. Average size of CdSe nanoparticles were about 3.9, 5.0 and 5.1nm with sonication time of 6, 30 and 40 minutes, respectively. The surface emission became less intensive and shifted to red with increasing irradiation time. This paper presents the effects of ultrasonic on the formation of CdSe nanoparticles and its characteristics.