Development of a Novel Micro-Actuator Driven by Shape Memory Alloy

Abstract:

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This paper presents a novel microactuator driven by shape memory alloy (SMA). First, the helical spring-shaped SMA is fabricated from SMA wire (Ti50%-Ni45%-Cu5%) with one way shape memory effect and 0.6 mm in diameter. Subsequently, a compliant tube-type microactuator driven by helical spring-shaped SMA is developed. The performances of the helical spring-shaped SMA and the compliant tube-type microactuator, such as the response time, the recovery force and the surface temperature in terms of the driving currents, are investigated. The driving circuit system comprising a pulse width modulation (PWM) control circuit is used to drive the actuator. Experiments demonstrate that control of the SMA actuator using PWM effectively reduces the energy consumption and ensures a short cooling time to guarantee a high response time in actuating cycles. Finite element software (COSMOSWorks) is applied for the analysis of the compliant tube-type actuator, which aim is to demonstrate the agreement between the theoretical analysis and experiment as well as to improve the performance of the actuators.

Info:

Periodical:

Solid State Phenomena (Volume 164)

Edited by:

Andrejus H. Marcinkevičius and Algirdas V.Valiulis

Pages:

9-14

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.164.9

Citation:

C. H. Pan and Y. B. Wang, "Development of a Novel Micro-Actuator Driven by Shape Memory Alloy", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 164, pp. 9-14, 2010

Online since:

June 2010

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Price:

$35.00

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