Preparation of Semi-Solid A390 Aluminum Alloy Slurry through a Serpentine Pouring Channel
In order to study the possibility of refining the primary silicon grains in the microstructure of hypereutectic Al-Si alloy through a serpentine pouring channel, the semi-solid slurry of A390 aluminum alloy was prepared through a water-cooled copper serpentine pouring channel, which is a new method proposed recently for semi-solid forming process, and the effect of pouring temperature on the slurry microstructure was investigated. The results show that the slurry of A390 aluminum alloy with refined primary silicon grains can be prepared under given conditions and especially when the pouring temperatures is 690°C, the primary silicon grains can be refined obviously, the equivalent silicon grain size is 19.7mm and the average shape factor is about 0.7. The analysis shows that the chilling effect of the inner channel wall precipitates a large number of primary silicon nuclei, and so the primary silicon grains are refined greatly. Meanwhile, the subsequent alloy melt washing also promotes the separation of primary silicon grains from the inner wall and the primary silicon grains are further refined. The work undertaken demonstrates eventually that the serpentine pouring channel process is a good method for refining the primary silicon grains in hypereutectic A390 alloy rather than using chemical fining agent phosphorus as in traditional process, and provides an alternative process choice.
Qiang Zhu, Ahmed Rassili, Stephen P. Midson and Xiao Gang Hu
W. M. Mao et al., "Preparation of Semi-Solid A390 Aluminum Alloy Slurry through a Serpentine Pouring Channel", Solid State Phenomena, Vol. 285, pp. 169-175, 2019