Grain Growth Behaviors of Multicrystalline Silicon during Cold Crucible Continuous Casting
A square shaped silicon ingot was cast by cold crucible continuous casting. The grain growth behaviors during different growth stages were investigated. In the first, grains nucleate at the base surface in the centre and in the three phase junction at periphery, and then grow upwards and inclined upwards separately. In the second, grain grow competitively, two distinguished zones are formed. In the final, a cap is formed on the liquid free surface, and precipitates are present.
Huixuan Zhang, Ye Han, Fuxiao Chen and Jiuba Wen
F. Huang et al., "Grain Growth Behaviors of Multicrystalline Silicon during Cold Crucible Continuous Casting", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 117-119, pp. 398-401, 2012