The wear characteristics and life of Al2O3/(W,Ti)C ceramic tool in turning NbCp-reinforced iron-based P/M composites was investigated. Experimental results indicate that cutting parameters have an influence on tool wear, among which cutting speed and depth of cut seem to be more prominent. The maximum flank wear rapidly increases as the increase in cutting speed and depth of cut. While, it increases gradually as the decrease in feed rate. Meanwhile, an empirical model of tool life is established, from which the influence of cutting speed and depth of cut on tool life is far greater than that of feed rate. Also from the empirical model, the preferable range of cutting parameters was obtained.