Development of Timber-Wood Lightweight Concrete-Glass Composite for Multi-Story Façades
Within several research projects and with the aim to optimize structural performance, energy efficiency and ecological characteristics of structural building components the Department of Structural Design and Timber Engineering (ITI) at the Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) developed several wood-based composite systems, which combine timber products with other conventional building materials and components. As a representative example for these developments, this paper illustrates the results of the joint research project “Wood-based concrete: building construction with composite elements of wood-concrete compounds and timber (WooCon)”. The objective of the research project “WooCon” is to develop a multi-layer wall system composed of wood lightweight concrete (WLC), connected timber sections, textile reinforcement as well as glass layers on the exterior to gain and use advantages of each used material - lightweight, structural, thermal storage and insulation, ecological and economic benefits - to name the most important ones. In order to assess the structural physical properties of wood-based composite wall elements, in a first step measurements of the thermal properties with respect to thermal-insulating properties and thermal storage capacity are carried out. In following step, the results obtained are used further to simulate the thermodynamic and hygrothermal building behavior. The aim of the simulations is to investigate the effect of the wood-based composite wall elements to the annual heating demand as well as to the operative room temperature of a typical south-orientated living space.
Ulrich Pont, Matthias Schuss and Ardeshir Mahdavi
A. Fadai et al., "Development of Timber-Wood Lightweight Concrete-Glass Composite for Multi-Story Façades", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 887, pp. 30-39, 2019