Chemical Engineering and Material Properties III

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Authors: Jian Zang
Abstract: A preparation of a kind of green water-based metal cleaning agent has been described in this paper. The reaction is using oleic acid and triethanolamine, by add the corresponding surface active agent. After a series of performance test, all kinds of metal has good corrosion resistance and cleaning effect, and no pollution to the environment.
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Authors: Zhong Hua Huang, Shao Jun Liu, Ying Guang Xu, Wang Hu
Abstract: Seafloor polymetallic sulfide specimens were developed according to engineering rock test method standard (GB/T 50266-2013). Seafloor polymetallic sulfide wet density and dry density were tested. Uniaxial compressive strength and triaxial compression strength of seafloor polymetallic sulfide were tested using rock mechanics test system MTS 815. Elasticity modulus and Poisson's ratio of seafloor polymetallic sulfide were calculated based on specimens stress-strain curves. Cohesion and internal friction angle were calculated based on specimens triaxial test Mohr stress circle. Test results show that seafloor polymetallic sulfide dry density average value is 2.6 g/cm3, wet density average value is 2.94 g/cm3. Uniaxial compressive strength and triaxial compression strength of seafloor polymetallic sulfide are unstable. Average value of the uniaxial compressive strength is 10.243MPa. Average value of triaxial compression strength test peak load is 47.166KN. Cohesion is 2.447MPa and internal friction angle is 38.04o.
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Authors: Lei Meng
Abstract: A class of distributed algorithms for combinatorial optimization. In this paper we analyze some properties of shape annealing, the up to now best performing of the shape annealing algorithms we have tested. We report many results regarding its performance when varying the values of control parameters and we compare it with some FEM algorithms. And in accordance with treatment principles, the microstructure of the alloy is simulated. This algorithm uses orthogonal crossover to generate initial population and uses elitist-crossover to increase the good patterns of the population and uses hybrid mutation to increase the ability of local and global optimization. It has shown fascinating results when being used in the optimization of multimodal function. The results showed that: In the creep period, the corresponding cubic γ′ along the von Mises stress and strain energy density of the crystal face to form raft-like organizations.
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Authors: Lei Meng
Abstract: A class of distributed algorithms for combinatorial optimization. In this paper we analyze some properties of Tabu-cycle, the up to now best performing of the Tabu algorithms we have tested. We report many results regarding its performance when varying the values of control parameters and we compare it with some FEM algorithms. And in accordance with treatment principles, the microstructure of the alloy is simulated.
324
Authors: Rui Liu, Song Xiao Hui, Wen Jun Ye, Yang Yu, Yan Yan Fu, Xiao Yun Song, Cheng Lin Li
Abstract: Ti-6Al-4V plates in thickness of 8 mm were directly hot rolled and then heat treated in various routes by a single electron beam cold hearth melted (EBCHM) ingot, in which the weight percentage of recycled titanium scraps was at least about 50 wt%. The dynamic stress-strain behaviors of the plates with typical microstructures were investigated by Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar system at the strain rates of 2000 s-1~ 3000 s-1. The results show that the dynamic compression properties of EBCHM-ingot Ti-6Al-4V plates are relative to that of commercial VAR-ingot plates. The dynamic properties in normal direction of the plates are not sensitive to variations in the fraction of primary alpha phase.
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Authors: Ting Song Zou, Yue Shan Huang, Wei Jie Zeng, Yong Hua Lao
Abstract: Traditional medical external fixation material represented by gypsum is brittle, heavy and prone to adverse reactions, clinical effect is not ideal. The pine wood fiber particles (size for 10 ~ 40 mesh) and polycaprolactone (PCL) are used to prepare a new kind of wood-plastic polycaprolactone composites (WPC) by the blending method. The experimental results show that the increase of PCL mass ratio can enhance the material strength and flexibility, especially the match force between the pine wood fiber particles. Meanwhile, when the mass ratio of PCL reached 65%, this enhancement effect significantly diminished; after the mass ratio of PCL reached 70%, the phenomenon of material mechanics performance decline. In this paper, the prepared WPC, which can soften under temperature 50°Cand repetitively finalize the design, have good mechanical properties, low-temperature thermoplastic and environment protection.
332
Authors: Li Yu, Xue Fang Hao, Qian Li, Chang Can Shi, Ya Kai Feng
Abstract: Here, a novel biomimetic scaffold with controlled diameters and mechanical properties was prepared from negatively charged silk fiber (SF) and poly (lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) by electrospinning technique. The fiber diameters and mechanical properties of the scaffolds were controlled by varying the weight ratio of PLGA/SF. Furthermore, in order to promote endothelialization on the scaffolds, pEGFP-ZNF580 loaded microparticles (MPs) were used to modify the surface of the electrospun scaffolds via electrospraying technique. Results showed that the composite scaffolds with these MPs could promote proliferation and migration of EA.hy926 cells significantly.
336
Authors: Bao Jun Jiang, Zhu Jun Tian, Jin Ming Jiang
Abstract: The three parameters, hydraulic loading rate, organic loading rate and recirculation times have important influence on the efficiency of recirculation treatment, the recirculation experiment research removal of COD under different hydraulic loading rate, organic loading rate and recirculation times by the experimental devices built in landfill in a civil city. The result indicated that the hydraulic loading rate is the major influence parameter for leachate recirculation. When hydraulic loading rate was 30ml/L·d~200ml/L·d, COD removal efficiency was 70%~94%; However, organic loading rate has comparative minor influence on recirculation treatment; the apt recirculation times are 3 or 4 in a day; C/N of recirculation leachate have important influence on NH3-N removal rate, but the effect of hydraulic loading rate and recirculation times on NH3-N removal rate aren’t obvious.
340
Authors: Jing Li, Yu Sen Hu, Lu Mei Pu, Guang Sheng Guo, Hong Yan Niu
Abstract: An environmental friendly slow-release urea fertilizer with double films (SUFDF) was prepared by using dialdehyde starch urea resin (DASU) as inner coating and polylactic acid (PLA) as outer materials. The structural, chemical characteristics and morphology of the SUFDF were characterized by FTIR, element analysis and SEM. Its efficiency in slowing the nitrogen release was examined via soil leaching and pot experiments. The experimental results indicated that the introduction of hydrophobic PLA and DASU reduced the swell ability of the fertilizer, which made it can provide nitrogen persistently at the early farming. After the urea dissolved, the DASU in the fertilizer would continue to release nitrogen due to its good slow-release property. So this fertilizer would have potential applications in modern agriculture and horticulture.
346
Authors: Li Na Chen, Wan Yi Liu, Qi Lin Hu
Abstract: Contraposing the waste anolyte of industry, the paper proposed a new chemical precipitation method to recover Mn (II) ions and Mg (II) ions from the waste solution using ammonium hydrogen carbonate and ammonium dihydrogen phosphate as precipitants, respectively. The technological conditions of dealing procedure such as the molar ratio of reactants, pH value, reaction temperature and time, aging time were investigated. The results shown that the removal rate of Mn (II) ions and Mg (II) ions reached to 96 % and 98 %, and the yields of MnCO3 and NH4MgPO4·6H2O reached to 91 % and 94 %, respectively. The residual solution was recycled to realize the treatment greenly, which could meet the needs of production and increase environmental benefits.
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