A Nondestructive Study on Fiber Layup and Porosity Level in CFRP Composite Laminates Using Ultrasonic Pitch-Catch Method
A nondestructive technique would be very useful for evaluating the CF/Epoxy composite laminates. It is found that a pitch-catch signal was more sensitive than normal incidence backwall echo of longitudinal wave to subtle flaw conditions in the composites (damages, fiber orientation, low level porosity, ply waviness, and cracks). The depth of the sampling volume where the pitch-catch signal came from was relatively shallow with the head-to-head miniature Rayleigh probes, but the depth can be increased by increasing the separation distance of the transmitting and receiving probes. Also, a method was utilized to determine the porosity content of a composite lay-up by processing micrograph images of the laminate. The porosity content of a composite structure is critical to the overall strength and performance of the structure. The image processing method developed utilizes a free software package to process micrograph images of the test sample. The results from the image processing method are compared with existing data. Beam profile was characterized in unidirectional CFRP (Carbon fiber reinforced plastics) with using pitch-catch Rayleigh probes and the one-sided and two-side pitch-catch technique was utilized to produce C-scan images with the aid of the automatic scanner. Also, it is confirmed that the pitch-catch ultrasonic signal was corresponding with simulated results assuming in unidirectional CFRP composites.
Joong Hee Lee
K. H. Im et al., "A Nondestructive Study on Fiber Layup and Porosity Level in CFRP Composite Laminates Using Ultrasonic Pitch-Catch Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 123-125, pp. 815-818, 2010