In order to study various factor affecting durability of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC), basic experimental research that combine the action of freezing-thawing cycles and deicing salt to SFRC was conducted. In the experiment, the volume fraction of steel fiber and number of freeze-thaw circulation are taken as variable parameter. Based on the different numbers of freeze-thaw circulation, weight losing of SFRC, splitting strength and the dynamic modulus of elasticity were measured. Furthermore, the reinforced mechanism of the SFRC under the action of freeze-thaw was analysed. The test results show that after adding a certain amount of steel fiber to the concrete, cracks in concrete at early stage are effectively prevented and the permeability of concrete is obviously reduced, thus the durability of concrete is improved. The reinforced actions of steel fiber on splitting strength of concrete are notable and the influence of steel fiber volume fraction on the frost-resisting property is obvious. On the contrary, the negative effects of steel fiber with high volume fraction on the splitting strength of concrete exist. The best performance of SFRC can be got when the steel fiber quantity is 1.5%.