Experimental Study on Salt Solution Ingress into Concrete under Capillary Siphon Effect
Salt solution ingress into concrete will result in serious deterioration of concrete materials, and then bring concrete structure in danger. So researchers pay more attention to the transportation of salt solution in concrete. In this paper, the ingress of 5% NaCl, 5%Na2SO4 and H2O into concrete under capillary siphon effect were investigated, and the influence factors such as water to binder ratio, mineral admixture, porosity and pore structure were also analyzed by methods of capillary solution-absorption experiment and evaporated water test. Results show that in capillary siphon effect, first the salt solution ingress into concrete increase quickly in very short time and then with the increase of time the solution absorption mass keep stable gradually. The types of salt solution are not the decisive factors controlling the solution ingress. Addition proper mineral admixture such as compound of fly ash (FA) and silica fume (SF) can decrease solution absorption mass under capillary siphon effect efficiently. In capillary effect, pores with aperture above 30 nm have close relativity with solution absorption mass. The decrease of porosity and improvement of pore structure can reduce the ingress of solution into concrete.
Jinglong Bu, Zhengyi Jiang and Sihai Jiao
K. L. Ma et al., "Experimental Study on Salt Solution Ingress into Concrete under Capillary Siphon Effect", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 150-151, pp. 788-791, 2011