Pure hydroxyapatite (HA) is brittle and it cannot be directly used for the load-bearing biomedical applications. Aim of this paper was to present a new iron-containing hydroxyapatite/titanium composites synthesized via pressureless sintering at a relatively low temperature of 1000°C using nano-sized HA powders and Ti-33%Fe mixed powders. The microstructure and composition of the new type composites were evaluated. The results showed that the uniformly distributed reinforcing particles had a unique and favorable core/shell microstructure after sintering that consisted of outer titanium and inner iron. The mechanism for the formation of the core/shell structure was discussed. The addition of iron reduced the decomposition rate of HA and the interaction between HA and titanium.