Review of Parameters Affecting Performance of (Pt/C) Electrode for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (Pemfcs)
Electrode performance is the most important part in proton exchange membrane fuel cell system because all electrochemical processes and chemical conversions into energy occur via electrode interface. However the main problem in widespread proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) applications is the cost of the catalyst and life time of electrode, due to different parameters effects. Intense research imply in reducing the cost with increase the activity of catalyst in additional to other parameters (components) to make electrode for PEM more efficient with reasonable cost. This paper review recent research for the most parameters affecting performance of (Pt/C and Pt/C/M ) electrode for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) such as Catalyst oxidation (degradation), and life time of the electrode using Pt/C, gas diffusion layer (GDL) thickness, and loading of PTFE in the diffusion layer, Nafion@ solution in the catalyst layer, methods of fabrication of electrode as spraying, casting, and electro deposition methods. Then the link between these parameters to achieve high performance and avoid the electrode degradation by optimized these parameters.
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
R. Chebbi et al., "Review of Parameters Affecting Performance of (Pt/C) Electrode for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (Pemfcs)", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 43-49, 2011