Preparation and Properties of Solidified TiC-TiB2 with Hypoeutectic, Eutectic and Hypereutectic Microstructures
By using combustion synthesis under high gravity, TiC-TiB2 fine-grained composite ceramics with hypoeutectic, eutectic and hypereutectic microstructures were prepared through rapid solidification. XRD, FESEM and EDS results show that with increasing TiB2 content, TiC-TiB2 composite ceramics transform the microstructures consisting of fine TiB2 platelets from ones composed of fine TiC spherical grains, whereas when TiB2 content reaches 50mol%, the ceramics develop the eutectic microstructures that small aspect-ratio TiB2 platelets were embedded in TiC matrix. Mechanical properties show that relative density, Vickers hardness and flexural strength of TiC-50mol%TiB2 all reach the maximum values (respectively as 98.6 % ,18.4 GPa, 840 MPa) due to eutectic reaction during solidification, meanwhile TiC-50mol%TiB2 has the maximum fracture toughness of 11.5 MPa∙m0.5 due to the cooperative action of crack deflection, crack-bridging and pull-out toughening by fine TiB2 platelets.
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
X. G. Huang et al., "Preparation and Properties of Solidified TiC-TiB2 with Hypoeutectic, Eutectic and Hypereutectic Microstructures", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 999-1004, 2011