Advanced Materials and Processing

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Authors: Yu Ping Wu, Ping Hua Lin, Ze Hua Wang, Ming Cao, Jun Hua Hu
Authors: Xiao Ying Fang, Xin Zhang, Hong Guo, Wei Guo Wang, Bang Xin Zhou
Abstract: Grain boundary character distributions (GBCD) of type 304 stainless steel cold rolled and then annealed at 1173K were analyzed by electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD). The results showed that low strain (~6%) followed by long-time annealing (96h) resulted in a GBCD containing a high fraction of Σ9 and Σ27 boundaries. The connectivity of general high angle grain boundary (HAB) network was interrupted significantly by Σ3n(n=1,2,3) boundaries(special boundaries).
Authors: J.L. Nie, H.Y. Xiao, Xiao Tao Zu, Fei Gao
Abstract: First-principles calculations based on density functional theory, using PW91 functional have been performed to study the adsorption of Alkali metal (AM) on C(100)(2×1) surface. The stable geometries, adsorption energies for all adsorption configurations have been calculated on half a monolayer and one monolayer. The preferred binding sites have been determined to be valley-bridge sites at the coverage of 0.5ML. At higher coverage of 1ML, two AM adsorbates were found to reside in pedestal site and valley-bridge site, respectively. Work function analysis showed that when AMs are adsorbed on C(100)(2×1) surface, the work function decreases linearly with increasing coverage and reaches a minimum at Θ=0.5ML. At higher coverage, the work function is increased again, which may be caused by depolarization effect of the adsorbate.
Authors: Manpreet Kaur, Harpreet Singh, Satya Prakash
Abstract: Cr3C2- NiCr and Cr3C2- NiCr-(25) WC-Co coatings were deposited on T22 boiler steel by High Velocity Oxy-Fuel (HVOF) Technology. The coated as well as the uncoated steel samples were exposed to the actual boiler environments in a thermal power plant for 1500 hrs under cyclic conditions to evaluate their erosion-corrosion performance. Weight change measurements were taken for each sample after every 100 hrs. It has been observed that the weight change trends for coated steel with Cr3C2- NiCr and Cr3C2- NiCr-(25) WC-Co coatings followed a parabolic trend. The exposed samples were physically investigated for any macroscopic changes after each cycle of 100 hours. The uncoated steel showed blisters and spallation of its oxide scale, whereas the coated samples exhibited intact oxide scales, in general. Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (SEM/EDAX) was done to characterize morphology of the oxide scales. The protective nature of coatings has been explained based on the results of the study.
Authors: Young H. Ko, Se Hun Chang, Ik Hyun Oh, Jae Ik Cho, Chang Seog Kang
Abstract: Aluminum foam is lightweight structures, energy absorption and thermal management. In this reason, there is a lot of attention on the aluminum foam as a structural material. The present papers showed various conventional joining techniques can be applied for foam-sheet structures, i.e., riveting, screwing, welding, gluing and soldering. This research presents new joining technique of Aluminum foam/Aluminum metal using spark plasma sintering (SPS) process. The Aluminum foam/Aluminum metals were fabricated by changing of various SPS holding temperature and holding time conditions. With increasing holding temperature and holding time, the tensile stress increased. The specimen sintered at 550°C for 20 min shows σts = 1.47 MPa. Also, it was found that the SPS holding time is dominant factor than the holding temperature for sound joining of two joint materials.
Authors: Dong Hyung Lee, Seok Jin Kwon, Jae Boong Choi, Young Jin Kim
Abstract: Fretting damage is a critical problem to prevent failure of press-fitted shaft such as the rotor of a steam turbine, railway axles or coupling. To clarify the characteristics of surface damage due to fretting in press-fitted shaft, experimental methods were applied to small-scale specimen with different bending load conditions. Fatigue tests and interrupted fatigue tests of press-fitted specimen were carried out by using a rotate bending fatigue test machine. Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics were examined using scanning electron microscope (SEM), optical microscope or profilometer. It is found that small fatigue cracks are nucleated early in life regardless of bending stress, and thus the most portion of fatigue life on press fits can be considered to be crack propagation process. Most of surface cracks are initiated near the contact edge, and multiple cracks are nucleated and interconnected. Furthermore, the fretting wear rates at the contact edge increase rapidly at the initial stage of total fatigue life. It is thus suggested that the fatigue crack nucleation and propagation process is strongly related to the evolution of surface profile by fretting wear in press fits.
Authors: Moon Hyun Yeo, Seung Jin Kim, Seong Hwan Bang, Dae Yeal Bae, Kwan Hee Han
Abstract: Surface treatment of a Co-Cr-W-C based alloy by pack boronizing is performed in this study. Treating at temperatures between 950 and 1050oC for up to 5 hrs produces a layer-like boride coating. The phase and composition analysis of the boronized layer is carried out by means of optical and SEM, EPMA and XRD. The growth of overall boronized layer is observed to obey the parabolic law, suggesting that it occurs via a diffusion-controlled process. Along with the microstructural features of the boronized layer, some brief results of the improvements of the wear property of Co-Cr-W-C alloy by boronizing treatment are presented.
Authors: Viet Hue Nguyen, Thi Nam Hoang, Sik Chol Kwon, Man Kim, Joo Yul Lee
Abstract: A study on chromium matrix composite plated with nanosized diamond powders was undertaken by employing a standard Sargent bath. Chromium matrix composite plated with nanosized diamond powders manifested super properties. The microhardness was varied from 890 to 920 HV (load 25 g/f), as compared with 801 HV of pure chromium; the wear resistance was increased 3-4 times. The potentiodynamic measurement in a chloride medium showed that the passive current of chromium matrix composite plated with nanosized diamond powder was 6 times as lower as that of pure chromium. Microscopic observation indicated that nano-diamond powders were included in the chromium deposit in the form of single and multi crystalline.

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