Adhesion of Rubber Materials: Surface Modification versus Formulation
Adhesives have been used in the footwear industry as an alternative to sewing or application of nails, staples or tacks to bond several parts of the shoes, the most critical bonding is the upper to sole bonding. However, as a limitation, the bonding with adhesives in shoe industry needs a severe control of all steps involved in the formation of the joints to avoid adhesion problems, mainly the separation of the sole from the upper.
Maher Soueidan, Mohamad Roumié and Pierre Masri
J. M. Martin-Martinez "Adhesion of Rubber Materials: Surface Modification versus Formulation", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 324, pp. 20-25, 2011