To solve wetlands degradation is the key issues in the protective process. Coastal wetlands in Tangshan are facing the rapid decline and the deterioration of ecological function. The situation is controlled by two main factors: natural factors and human factors. The former includes the climate drought, rising sea levels and other reasons. The latter includes urbanization and port construction, water and environmental pollution, coastal industrial and agricultural production and other factors. Wetlands degradation in the study area is controlled by rapid industrialization, massive urbanization and port construction. Wetlands protection hinges on the correct understanding of their social, economic and ecological value, and its protection bringing into the overall urban development planning.