Natural Resources and Sustainable Development II

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Authors: Lin Cong, Shi Zhong Ma, Yu Sun, Ru Bin Li
Abstract: Based on ten well cores, seventeen hundred logging data and initial potential data, sedimentary characteristics and mode of shallow lacustrine fluvial-dominated delta of Putaohua oil layer in the east of Sanzhao depression were analyzed. It is realized that distributary channel sandbodies as sand body framework of this delta system, which is abundant, closely and narrow, and the framework of sand body is in a large number of narrow banded shape (mostly 200 ~ 300m), and can extend hundreds of kilometers of continuous, dense, overall was SW, and combines well with other types sand surface to become a better distributary channel sand body. Based on understanding of sedimentary background, developmental process, sedimentary characteristics and sedimentary facies type of Putaohua oil layer in Sanzhao depression, sedimentary mode of shallow lacustrine fluvial-dominated delta is established in the study area, and sedimentary mode of five subfacies is further divided: Delta distributary plain subfacies is mode of fluvial-dominated belt body; Transition region of front-distributary plain is mode of inshore; Inner front is mode of fluvial-dominated belt body; Transition region of inner front-outer front is mode of fluvial-dominated sheet sand; Shallow lacustrine fluvial-dominated delta outer front is mode of tide-dominated sheet sand; Also pointed out that overall shows NE –SW trending submerged distributary channel sandbodies which is abundant, closely and narrow is the main reservoir of the study area. It provides the solid geological basis for the establishment of spatial distribution pattern of reservoir; identify the causes of mainly monosandbody and further tapping the potential of oil field.
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Authors: Bao Hong Shi, Juan Wang, Yan Zhang
Abstract: The group of reservoir and cap-rock in Chang4+5 and Chang6 has good basic conditions of accumulation in eastern area of Yishan Slope of Ordos Basin, because it located up the high quality sources rocks (Chang7) and had a lot of hydrocarbon migrated from western areas. The reservoirs were the sand bodies formed in the distributary channels of delta plain and subaqueous distributary channels of delta front. The cap-rocks were the mudstones and compacted siltites formed in the floodplain and interdistributary areas.They composed lithologic traps. The types of petroleum reservoirs belong to lithologic hydrocarbon reservoir. The distribution of oil layers controlled by depositional microfacies and the excellent quality group of reservoir and cap-rock and migration conditions.
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Authors: Jian Guo Huang, Run Sheng Han, Ren Tao, Zhi Qiang Li
Abstract: The Late Triassic Tumugou Formation volcanic rocks which belongs to typical island arc volcanic rocks in southern end of Yidun island arc belt is located at the eastern of the Zhongdian ,NW Yunnan, SW China. The volcanic rocks can be divided into three categories:andesitic basalt, andesite, quartz andesite, etc. Through geochemical analysis the major elements, rare earth ele and trace element in volcanic rocks, SiO255.18-57.59×10-2,TiO21.16-1.45×10-2,Na2O+K2O5.11-8.05×10-2.consider it is calc-alkaline- alkaline Series of high-K andesite, volcanic may be controlled by the crystal fractionation of magma.Rb31.50-101×10-6,Ba1310-12300×10-6,Nb/Ta11.4-15.5,REE166.07-240.78×10-6,δEu0.74-1.00,REE distribution patterns show oblique to the HREE side and enrichment in LREE .Eu anomaly is not obvious. It is can see from the relevant figure about trace element, it is very similar in magmatic distribution patterns between volcanic rock and Volcanic-arc rock, indicating that the volcanic in this area may be formed in volcanic-arc environment. From east to west, Magma source depth have regular change with the really thickness of mainland shell. Explain that Tumugou Formation volcanic rock is subduction by Ganzi- Litang Ocean basin from east to west. Hongshan-Ousaila region of eastern edge of Zhongdian is the volcanic island arc system during the passive continental margin into an active continental margin.
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Authors: Zhi Dong Bao, Yue Chun Qi, Cong Jun Feng, Yan Jun Zhao, Xiao Qing Zhao, Liu Li
Abstract: Calcite cementation is one main cause for reduction of porosity and permeability. In the case of Chang 6 Member of Jiyuan Oilfield, calcareous interbeds have been investigated for the characteristics and genetic mechanisms within delta-front Chang 6 oil reservoirs so as to reveal their spatial distribution. As shown by research, carbonate content in this area more than 10% will significantly reduce reservoir porosity and permeability, as well as its oil-bearing property. In vertical, calcareous interbeds are commonly developed at interfaces, where mudstone contacts with either top or bottom of underwater distributary channels of delta front, or within channel sand bodies. Besides, underwater levees with intercalation of sandstone and mudstone and the delta-front channel bars at the top or bottom have found calcareous interbeds. Meanwhile, calcareous interbeds in plane mostly distribute in the under-Water distributary channels and also partly underwater levees. In research area, calcite cementation predominantly formed during late diagenesis, In the acidic water for under the action of carbonate cementation, provides Ca2+ 、Mg2+ and HCO3- etc material base,Carbonate cementation content prong to accumulating at the top or bottom of neighboring mudstone and sandstone producing “calcite top” and “calcite bottom”.
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Authors: Bin Hu, Hong Pu Kang, Jian Lin
Abstract: Based on the analysis of support effect under original support design at Hongmiao Colliery, the paper summarized the main factors causing the destruction of roadways under neighboring gob areas, and pointed that the low pre-tension of the former support system and the irrationality of auxiliary support components were the main reasons for the failure of roadway support. The high prestress and intensive bolt-cable support system was recommended to reinforce roadways of this type, and the industrial on-site trial had been carried out in the transportation roadway of the Panel One of 5-2s Block, located at District 5. The test results showed that such measures as full encapsulation with high pre-tension for bolts and cables and auxiliary components with larger section and high strength could be used to effectively control roadway deformation. They provided an effective approach for the support of roadways under similar conditions.
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Authors: Dong Mei Zhao, Mei Li
Abstract: The comprehensive utilization of resources in Xinjiang has a certain achievement, but also exist some problem. Under the circumstances which environmental protection is growing, the change in mode of development, foster new economic point of growth is increasingly urgent,To develop the comprehensive utilization of resources energetically is an only way that realize the sustainable development of Xinjiang economy. We should clear its key development, strengthen policy support, and achieve resource advantage to economic advantage change.
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Authors: Fu Sheng Guo, Zhao Bin Yan, Liu Qin Chen
Abstract: The two early Cambrian seismic events could be found from sedimentary rocks at Peilingjiao section of Kaihua County, Baishi and Fangcun sections of Changshan County in western Zhejiang, except for Jiangshan area. The seismic event at Baishi outcrop can be correlated to the second seismic event at Peilingjiao section. Taking Fangcun as epicenter of the second seismic event, the magnitude of paleoseism in western Zhejiang is about 7~7.6. According to investigation on regional distribution of seismic events, the two seismic activities should be regulated by large Kaihua-Chun’an fault, but unrelated with Jiangshan-Shaoxing fault or Changshan-Xiaoshan fault. However, the formation time of Kaihua-Chun’an fault has not yet been determinate. Based on controlling on Silurian, the possible formation age was inferred to early Paleozoic. The distribution characteristics of seismites indicate that the Kaihua-Chun’an fault was already being active during early Cambrian and seismic activities may be response to Sinian tectonic events in western Zhejiang. By the way of analysis on paleoseismic rhythm, the time interval of the two seismic events in western Zhejiang is less than 5.0 Ma, which may be the result of early frequent activities of Kaihua-Chun’an fault.
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Authors: Zhao Yong Jiang, Ting Shan Zhang, Xiao Hui Chen, Guang Zhi Lan
Abstract: Heavy oils are abundant in resins and asphaltenes, and they have the characters of high freezing point, low flowing ability, difficult oil recovery and high recovery cost. Microbial degradation can effectively improve the properties of heavy oils and enhance oil recovery ratio. According to distinctive properties of heavy oils from different oilfields, identical microbial assemblies are sifted and incubated. Then the assemblies are used to degrade the heavy oils in oilfield. The results indicated that microbes selected could degrade resins and asphaltenes in heavy oils. Oilfield tests in Qinghai and Xinjiang Oilfield proved that microbial degradation is evident in enhancing recovery ration and is feasible and economical in heavy oil exploitation.
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Authors: Hong Tao Liu, Hong Yao, Kai Yao, Feng Chen, Guang Qian Luo
Abstract: According to the temperature, major chemical reactions and gas compositions, the gasification process along the tunnel of underground coal gasification is divided into three zones, i.e. oxidation zone, reduction zone and dry distillation zone. A model test in the laboratory was carried out by using large-scale coal blocks to simulate the coal seam. The characteristics of the “three zones”, and the relation between the temperature and gas composition were also quantitative studied. It provided the necessary basic knowledge for further studying the process of underground coal gasification, including predicting compositions of product gas, life-cycle analyzing, selecting optimistic control parameters and determining suitable gasification craft.
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