Advances in Mechanics Engineering

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Authors: Jun Pan, Shi Xiao Li, Chang Liu, Yang Li
Abstract: More and more people have take more attention on the problem like Seawater intrusion, The same floor recharge and "heat transfixion". This article has established the groundwater flow and solute transport and temperature coupling numerical model,to simulate the underground water temperature’s change by changing the wells’ spacing manner. Simulation results show that the two kinds of disposing Wells solutions are not cause seawater invasion, the second disposing Wells scheme help to prevent the occurrence of seawater invasion.
Authors: Yu Liang Wu, Ze Yi Jiang, Xin Xin Zhang
Abstract: A mathematical model of complex thermal processes with combustion, radiation and flow in rotary hearth furnace (RHF) for pellet direct reduction is established with CFD commercial software Fluent. Temperature distribution, pressure field and flow field in RHF are simultaneously analyzed by numerical method. It has been found that the temperature distribution in the furnace can meet the need of thermal institution for pellet direct reduction, and great pressure field and flow field can be formed on the basis of reasonable arrangement of burner, nozzle and partition. The simulation results would be helpful for engineering design and parameter optimization of RHF.
Authors: Bing Chuan Jiang, Qing Xia, Xiong You
Abstract: Due to the nature of the two-dimensional features of traditional “surface model” method for building the virtual geo-graphic environment, it is difficult to realistically simulate the real world of three-dimensional body. In this paper, fully understanding the basic concepts of voxels and features, based on the analysis of octree voxel model and rendering, we focus on the voxels in a virtual three-dimensional topography of the geographical environment for the simulation of natural phenomena, the expression of geographical process, spatial analysis and its research in the application. Also we discuss the virtual geographic environment which is based on “volumetric model”.
Authors: Xiao Yang Huang, Min Feng, Mao Long Su, Ming Cai
Abstract: An analog circuit model of the left heart-arterial coupling system has been designed to study the behavior of the left heart-arterial system. Then the state variable method was used to analyze the circuit model and establish the mathematical model. We use Matlab/Simullink tool to simulate the mathematical model. Some important parameters of the left heart circulation system, such as left ventricular (LV) pressure, left atrium pressure, aortic pressure, aortic flow, LV end-diastolic volume and end-systolic volume, can be obtained. The results are matched the actual physiological, which suggests that the model presented in this paper provides a useful tool to investigate the functional status of left heart-arterial system.
Authors: Ning Ma, Xiao Dong Chen, Ya Nan Li, Qing Yun Yin, Yi Wang, Dao Yin Yu
Abstract: A novel system for minimally invasive surgery is presented in this paper. The system utilized an Endoscopic Automatic Positioner (EAP) controlled by Speech Recognition Engine to implement the clamping and dynamically positioning of the laparoscope. The motion instructions of the EAP are transformed from voice commands of specific doctor recognized by an improved algorithm named Normalized Average- Dynamic Time Warping (NA-DTW). An embedded platform based on ARM is designed to run the NA-DTW on Windows CE operating system. 1250 groups of experiments from 10 individual speakers demonstrate the performance of DTW. Compared with traditional algorithms, the enhanced algorithm improves the recognition rate from 96.6% to 99.76% and shortens the time of calculation by 51%. The results demonstrate the enhanced algorithm being effective and can satisfy the real time requirement in embedded system.
Authors: Jian Xing, Luo Jiang Qian, Si Min Ren
Abstract: The synchronous generators of shipboards power system are generally multiphase (mostly twelve phases), it means necessary to building the model by code programming because there aren’t this ready-made component in EMTDC or other digital simulation software. In this paper, a programming method for numerical calculation of synchronous generator and interfacing program codes to PSCAD/EMTDC are described. According to generic rotate machine Park equation, trapezoid integral is adopted to make the math differential equations discrete to numerical difference expression. The paper emphatically deduces discrete algorithm for getting numerical transient solutions of synchronous generator model. For the sake of the verification for this modeling method, a three-phase synchronous generator model based on code program modeling is taken as test demonstration.
Authors: Qing Nian Yang, Shi Zhong Zhang, Yu Zhou Sima
Abstract: In this paper, a deep foundation pit of one subway station is analyzed under two different precipitation conditions, and the deformation laws of the pit under one-time precipitation and step-by-step precipitation conditions are investigated. The results indicate that the deformations caused by one-time precipitation are significantly larger than the deformations caused by step-by-step precipitation. Therefore, a step-by-step precipitation scheme is preferred in order to reduce the deformation cause by foundation excavation, when construction period permits.
Authors: Qin Ma Kang, Hong He, Hai Ning Jiang
Abstract: This paper considers the problem of task assignment in heterogeneous distributed computing systems with the goal of minimizing the total execution and communication costs. An iterated local search algorithm is proposed for finding the suboptimal task assignment in a reasonable amount of computation time. We study the performance of the proposed algorithm over a wide range of parameters such as the problem scales, the ratio of average communication time to average computation time, and task interaction density of applications. The effectiveness of the algorithm is manifested by comparing it with other competing algorithms in the relevant literature.
Authors: Yi Kun Zhang, Ming Hui Zhang, Xin Hong Hei, Deng Xin Hua, Hao Chen
Abstract: Aiming at building a Lidar data interpolation model, this paper designs and implements a GA-BP interpolation method. The proposed method uses genetic method to optimize BP neural network, which greatly improves the calculation accuracy and convergence rate of BP neural network. Experimental results show that the proposed method has a higher interpolation accuracy compared with BP neural network as well as linear interpolation method.
Authors: Zhe Zheng, Li Hong Lv, Jie Jiang, Yang Zhou
Abstract: With high accuracy, the channel simulator plays an important role in the docking experiment between the ground and the responder beacon. To begin with, this paper introduces the data generation algorithm including the data generation based on simulation technology, the principle of the linear least squares algorithm and then proposes the least squares quadratic spline method to generate highly accurate data in this channel simulator. Secondly, this paper introduces the system design to realize the data generation. Finally, a case which studies the approximation and an error analysis of the data generation algorithm is realized. The algorithm is considered to be accurate and easy to get the source data. The core of the algorithm is using data from Satellite Tool Kit to generate distance and speed sequence, and using the least squares to approximate real data and quadratic spline to fit for obtaining highly accurate data.

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