Preparation of Arsenic Trioxide-Loaded PLGA Nanoparticles and Investigation of its Inhibitory Effects on Proliferation of Rabbit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells In Vitro

Abstract:

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Proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) into the sub-intimal space play an important role in intimal thickening in atherosclerosis and in-stent restenosis. Arsenic compounds are natural substances that have been used in the treatment of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).And Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is known to be a potent inhibitor of cell proliferation.The aim of this study was to prepare arsenic trioxide (As2O3) -loaded PLGA nanoparticles(As2O3-PLGA-NP) and investigate its general properties, preservation of As2O3 bioactivity and their inhibitory effects on Rabbit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells(RVSMCs) in vitro. With PLGA as carrier,As2O3 drug delivery nanoparticles were prepared by w /o /w double-emulsion evaporation technique,and their inhibitory effects on Rabbit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells(VSMCs) in vitro was investigated.The results of the experiment show the self-prepared As2O3-PLGA-NP were approximately spherical,with the mean diameter of 90±25.03 nm, and the average drug loading was 1.72% .The As2O3-PLGA-NP has drug sustained-release character and can prolong the phase of the inhibitory effect of As2O3 against RVSMCs.The As2O3-PLGA-NP do not reduce the biological activity of As2O3.

Info:

Periodical:

Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 60-61)

Edited by:

Xiaohao Wang

Pages:

125-129

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.60-61.125

Citation:

S. S. Zhao et al., "Preparation of Arsenic Trioxide-Loaded PLGA Nanoparticles and Investigation of its Inhibitory Effects on Proliferation of Rabbit Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells In Vitro", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 60-61, pp. 125-129, 2009

Online since:

January 2009

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$35.00

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