Joining of WC-Co to Ni by Direct Diffusion Bonding
Solid-state direct diffusion bonding between commercially pure nickel and tungsten carbide (with 6%Cobalt) has been carried out in the temperature of 980°C and 1100°C using different holding times in argon atmosphere. Samples were successfully joined without defects or cracks on the joining interface with the exception of the one joined at 980°C for 5 min. The results showed that joining occurred by the formation of a reaction zone. Scanning electron micrographs show that different intermediate layers are formed in the reaction zone, and the width of these layers increases with an increase in bonding temperature and time. Electron probe microanalysis revealed that at any particular bonding temperature, cobalt travel into the nickel side, whereas nickel travel comparatively larger distances in the tungsten carbide side.
S. Velumani and René Asomoza
J. Lemus-Ruiz et al., "Joining of WC-Co to Ni by Direct Diffusion Bonding", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 68, pp. 127-132, 2009