Post Welding Heat Treatment Simulation in Welded Stainless Steel Pipe and Comparison with Experiment
Due to the intense concentration of heat in the welding process, residual stresses are produced in the specimen. One of the most effective ways to relief welding stress is Post Welding Heat Treatment (PWHT). In this paper, finite element method is employed to model and analyze PWHT for two pass butt-welded SUS304 stainless steel pipe. In this simulation, firstly, the welding process has been modeled. Then the stress distribution of the specimen has been transferred to a second analysis for stress relaxation modeling. Norton law is used to investigate creep in stress relief process. Experimental tests are also carried out to verify the effectiveness of the proposed numerical models. The hole drilling method is used to measure the stress distribution in the specimen. The residual stress distribution data before and after PWHT are compared to investigate the effect of heat treatment on residual stress. Based on the modeling and experimental results, the tensile and compressive stresses distributions have been reduced. They are in a reasonable agreement with each other and prove the capability of the proposed modeling technique to simulate PWHT.
M. S. J. Hashmi, B. S. Yilbas and S. Naher
M. Sedighi and B. Davoodi, "Post Welding Heat Treatment Simulation in Welded Stainless Steel Pipe and Comparison with Experiment", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 83-86, pp. 237-243, 2010