An Optimization of Two-Steps Curing Profile to Eliminate Voids Formation in Underfill Epoxy for Hi-CTE Flip Chip Packaging
Underfilling is the preferred process to reduce the impact of the thermal stress that results from the mismatch in the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) between the silicon chip and the substrate in Flip Chip Packaging. Voids formation in underfill is considered as failure in flip chip manufacturing process. Voids formation possibly caused by several factors such as poor soldering and flux residue during die attach process, voids entrapment due moisture contamination, dispense pattern process and setting up the curing process. This paper presents the optimization of two steps curing profile in order to reduce voids formation in underfill for Hi-CTE Flip Chip Ceramic Ball Grid Array Package (FC-CBGA). A C-Mode Scanning Aqoustic Microscopy (C-SAM) was used to scan the total count of voids after curing process. Statistic analysis was conducted to analyze the suitable curing profile in order to minimize or eliminate the voids formation. It was shown that the two steps curing profile provided solution for void elimination.
Zhengyi Jiang and Chunliang Zhang
Z. Kornain et al., "An Optimization of Two-Steps Curing Profile to Eliminate Voids Formation in Underfill Epoxy for Hi-CTE Flip Chip Packaging", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 97-101, pp. 23-27, 2010