Fibrous TiO2 with ca. 0.16 mm in width and 5 - 6 cm in length was prepared by drying a suspension of monodispersed anatase particles at 363 K in air. The TiO2 fibers thus obtained were thermally treated at the temperatures ranging from 363 to 1273 K for 1 h in air. Elevating the treating temperature increases the crystallinity of anatase phase and reduces the specific surface area from 98 to 5 m2/g due to the sintering of particles. The rutile phase appears at 1273 K by transformation of anatase phase. A photocatalytic activity of the fibers was examined by decomposition of methylene blue (MB) in water under UV irradiation centered at 365 nm. The fibers decomposed the MB in aqueous media under UV irradiation, indicating that the fibers possess a high photocatalytic activity. The catalytic activity is considered to be enhanced on increasing the crystallinity of anatase phase, nevertheless, that decreased with generation of rutile phase.