Description: Lanthanum hexaboride is useful because it possesses a high melting point (2210C), a low work function, one of the highest known electron emissivities, and is stable in vacuum. This volume summarises the extant data on the properties of this material, including the: bulk modulus, conductivity, crystal structure, Debye temperature, defect structure, elastic constants, electronic structure, emissivity, Fermi surface, hardness, heat capacity, magnetoresistance, reflectivity, resistivity, specific heat, surface structure, thermal conductivity, thermoelectric power, toughness and work function. The issue also includes original research papers on: the Pitting Resistance of 316 Stainless Steel in Ringer’s Solution, the Effect of Different Modifiers on the Microstructure and Strength of Locally Developed A356 Al-Si Alloy, the Site Preference of Zr in NiAl Dislocation Cores and its Effects on Bond Character, the Effect of Different Combinations of Salt Modifier on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of A356 Al-Si Alloy, Quasicrystalline Phase Formation in High Frequency Induction Melted Al80Cu14Fe6 Alloy, Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Sprue Base Design on the Flow Pattern of Aluminum Gravity Castings, the Evaluation of Surface Preparation Techniques for Steel Substrates Prior to Coating, Thermal Desorption of Hydrogen from AISI 316L Stainless Steel and Pure Nickel, Structural and Concentration Heterogeneities during the Formation of Silicide Phases in the Ti(5nm)/Ni(24nm)/Si(001)Thin-Film System, Studies of the g-Factor and Hyperfine Structure Constant for Ir4+ in CdO, Theoretical Studies of the Local Structures and Spin Hamiltonian Parameters for the Cu2+ Centers in Alkali Barium Borate Glasses, Study of the Properties of CR-39 Polymer Irradiated with Alpha Particles, Review of Diffusion and Interfacial Reactions in Sandwich Thin-Film Couples and the Correlation Coefficient between Vickers Hardness and Nuclear Techniques.
Description: Zinc oxide, already used millennia ago as a medicine and as an adjunct to brass production, has assumed a new importance in the modern world because of its native n-type semiconducting properties. It has, for instance, a relatively large (3.3eV) band-gap at room temperature. This leads to higher breakdown voltages, resistance to high electric fields, lower electronic noise and superior performance at high temperatures and powers. The band-gap can also be tailored by alloying with magnesium or cadmium oxides. The material exhibits other useful properties, such as a good transparency, a high electron mobility and a strong room-temperature luminescence; all of which are invaluable to the manufacture of the liquid-crystal displays of modern consumer goods. The present compilation comprises nearly 500 accounts of research on the diffusional behaviour of dopants and on the defects present in the wurtzite or zincblende structures. It is hoped that this handy compendium of data will be of value to those working on the tailoring of ZnO properties; especially with regard to the controversies concerning its doping behaviour.
Description: Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Public interest and concern about radiation damage effects has increased during recent times. Nuclear radiation proved to be a precursor for the study of radiation damage effects in solids. In general, all types of radiation, e.g. X-ray, gamma ray, heavy ions, fission fragments and neutrons produce damage effects in materials. Radiation damage latent tracks in solids find applications in nuclear and elementary particle physics, chemistry, radiobiology, earth sciences, nuclear engineering, and a host of other areas such as nuclear safeguards, virus counting, ion track filters, uranium exploration and archaeology. Radiation dosimetry and reactor shielding also involve concepts based on radiation damage in solids. This special volume consists of ten Chapters, including Review and Research Papers on various topics in this field.
Description: The nickel aluminide intermetallic is a particularly useful alloy for application at high temperatures because, unlike most materials, it exhibits the unusual property of becoming stronger with increasing temperature: depending upon the minor alloying additions, the 0.2% yield strength peaks at between 600 and 800C. The reason for this anomalous behaviour can be traced to the effect of the superlattice structure upon diffusional mass transfer and defect motion. The present volume contains a compilation (350 items, 176 pages) of data specifically covering the known diffusion and defect properties of this material.
Description: Carbon has always been an essential feature of human civilisation (not to mention the human constitution), whether as mere fuel, as an expensive bauble or as an essential component of those two supporting pillars (organic chemicals, steel) of the industrial revolution. Even since its recognition as an element, 2¼ centuries ago, it has never ceased to offer new surprises and properties. Just decades ago, students had to contend with only two main forms, graphite and diamond, but nowadays there is a plethora of nanotubes, fullerenes, graphenes, etc. The present volume offers a compilation (over 400 items) of data on mass diffusion, in all of the various known allotropes of carbon, spanning some 6 decades.
Description: The molecular dynamics technique was developed in the 1960s as the outgrowth of attempts to model complicated systems by using either a) direct physical simulation or (following the great success of Monte Carlo methods) by b) using computer techniques. Computer simulation soon won out over clumsy physical simulation, and the ever-increasing speed and sophistication of computers has naturally made molecular dynamics simulation into a more and more successful technique. One of its most popular applications is the study of diffusion, and some experts now even claim that molecular dynamics simulation is, in the case of situations involving well-characterised elements and structures, more accurate than experimental measurement. The present double volume includes a compilation (over 600 items) of predicted solid-state diffusion data, for all of the major materials groups, dating back nearly four decades. The double volume also includes some original papers: “Determination of the Activation Energy for Formation and Migration of Thermal Vacancies in 401.0 Casting Aluminum Alloy” (N.A.Kamel et al.), “A Study of the Effect of Natural Aging on Some Plastically Deformed Aluminum Alloys using Two Different Techniques” (N.A.Kamel), “Estimation of Crystalline Size of Deformed 5251 Al Alloy using PALT and XRD Techniques” (M.A.Abdel-Rahman et al.), “Determination of the Activation Energy for Formation and Migration of Thermal Vacancies in 2024 Aircraft Material using Different Techniques and Methods” (N.A.Kamel), “Annealing Study of Al-Mg Wrought Alloys using Two Different Techniques and Estimation of the Activation Enthalpy of Migrating Defects” (G.Attallah et al.), “Studying the Formation of Fe2SiO4 and Pearlite Phases in Iron-Silica Sand Nanoparticle Composites” (T.Ahmad et al.), “Studies of Knight Shifts and Hyperfine Structure Constants of Tl2Ba2CuO6+y” (M.Q.Kuang et al.).
Prof. Andreas Öchsner, Irina V. Belova and Prof. Graeme E. Murch
Online since: March 2013
Description: Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Heat transfer plays major role in many technical devises or in the formation of new materials. Heat transfer is based in three phenomena, namely conduction, convection and radiation. Understanding heat transfer at many levels, from atomic to macro, and its interaction with other physical phenomena has therefore long attracted the attention of many researchers in engineering and materials science and related disciplines. The present topical volume on "Heat Transfer Processes in Engineering Materials" captures a representative cross-section of some of the recent advances in the area of heat transfer. Reflecting the enormous breadth of the area, the range of topics covered is accordingly very large. Topics include the development and modification of the microstructure of materials. Technical applications such as casting problems, coal drying, air cooling systems and pyrolytic boilers. The prediction methods range from analytical to numerical methods such as the finite element method, the finite difference method and molecular dynamics simulation.
Prof. Andreas Öchsner, Prof. Graeme E. Murch, Ali Shokuhfar and Prof. João M.P.Q. Delgado
Online since: February 2013
Description: This special issue contains selected peer-reviewed papers presented atthe Eighth International Conference on Diffusion in Solids and Liquids(DSL-2012) held at the Hotel Kalyon Istanbul, Turkey during the period 25th-29thJune, 2012.The goal of the conference was to provide a unique opportunity toexchange information, to present the latest results as well as to review therelevant issues oncontemporary diffusion research. Young scientists were especially encouraged to attend the conference and to establish international networks with well-known scientists. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS).
Prof. Andreas Öchsner, Prof. Irina V. Belova and Prof. Graeme E. Murch
Online since: January 2013
Description: Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). The present topical volume captures a representative cross-section of some of the recent advances in the area of mass transport. Reflecting the enormous breadth of the area, the range of topics covered is accordingly very large. Topics include diffusion in oxides, metals and alloys, membranes, microstructural changes and evolution, self, solute and interdiffusion, and diffusion in grain boundaries.
Description: This 14th volume in the series covers the latest results in the field of Defects and Diffusion in Semiconductor. The issue also includes some original papers: An Experimental Study of the Thermal Properties of Modified 9Cr-1Mo Steel; Physico-Mechanical Properties of Sintered Iron-Silica Sand Nanoparticle Composites: A Preliminary Study; Defect and Dislocation Density Parameters of 5251 Al Alloy Using Positron Annihilation Lifetime Technique; A Novel Computational Strategy to Enhance the Ability of Elaborate Search by Entire Swarm to Find the Best Solution in Optimization of AMCs; Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Nanoceramic Magnesium Ferrite Material Doped with Samarium and Dysprosium for Designing – Microstrip Patch Antenna; ZnO Varistor Defective Gd and Pr Ions; Injecting CO2 and Pumping Out Saline Formation Water Simultaneously to Control Pressure Build-Up while Storing CO2 in Deep Saline Aquifers; Studying the Effect of Low α-Radiation Doses on CR-39 Polymers Using Positron Annihilation Lifetime and Mechanical Properties.