Layer Structured Calcium Bismuth Titanate by Mechanical Activation
Nanocrystalline calcium bismuth titanate (CaBi4Ti4O15), which exhibits a layer structure, has been successfully synthesized by mechanical activation of constituent oxides of CaO, Bi2O3 and TiO2 in a nitrogen atmosphere at room temperature. The phase-forming calcination at elevated temperatures that is always required is skipped. CaBi4Ti4O15 derived from mechanical activation consists of nanocrystallites, which occur as aggregates of ~50 nm in sizes. It demonstrates an improved sinterability and was sintered to a density of 93.4% theoretical density at 1175oC for 2 hours. Ferroelectric properties of sintered CaBi4Ti4O15 derived from mechanical activation have been studied. A peak dielectric constant of 1049 at the Curie temperature of 774oC was measured at 1MHz for CaBi4Ti4O15 sintered at 1175oC.
M. Gupta and Christina Y.H. Lim
M.H. Sim et al., "Layer Structured Calcium Bismuth Titanate by Mechanical Activation", Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials, Vol. 23, pp. 47-50, 2005