Modelling of Negative Poisson's Ratio Nanomaterials: Deformation Mechanisms, Structure-Property Relationships and Applications
Analytical and Molecular Mechanics methods have been used to study the deformation mechanisms acting at the molecular level in the auxetic polymorph of crystalline silica (a-cristobalite). The analytical models indicate that a-cristobalite deforms by concurrent tetrahedral dilation and cooperative rotation when stretched along the x3 axis, and that a second phase is predicted to exist for this loading scenario, having a geometry similar to that of ‘idealised’ b-cristobalite. This is supported by preliminary Molecular Mechanics simulations, which also indicate that the cooperative rotation predicted for loading along x3 is not sufficient to describe the deformation mechanism for loading along x1. A negative hydrostatic pressure offset is observed to lead to a change in the sign of the predicted Poisson’s ratio from positive to negative, leading to improved agreement of the Molecular Mechanics model with experiment.
M. Gupta and Christina Y.H. Lim
A. Alderson et al., "Modelling of Negative Poisson's Ratio Nanomaterials: Deformation Mechanisms, Structure-Property Relationships and Applications", Journal of Metastable and Nanocrystalline Materials, Vol. 23, pp. 55-58, 2005