Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Mg-Co Ferrites Prepared by Co-Precipitation
Mg-Co nano crystalline ferrites having general formula Mg1-xCoxFe2O4 (x=0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25) were prepared by co-precipitation method. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) patterns of the prepared samples show the formation single spinel phase. The crystallite size, lattice parameters and porosity of samples were calculated by XRD data analysis as function of cobalt concentration. The crystallite size for each sample was calculated using the Scherrer formula considering the most intense (3 1 1) peak lies in the range 27-35 nm. The lattice parameters increased with increase of cobalt concentration. It is because of the fact that cobalt has greater ionic radius then magnesium. The dielectric constant, dielectric loss tangent and ac electrical conductivity of the prepared samples is also measure. The observed variation in electrical and dielectric properties is explained on the basis of cations distribution among tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) sites. The variance in saturation magnetization, remanence magnetization and magnetic moment was also measured from BH curve of samples.
M. Anis-ur-Rehman et al., "Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Mg-Co Ferrites Prepared by Co-Precipitation", Journal of Nano Research, Vol. 14, pp. 1-9, 2011