A Modified Penna Model for Biological Aging
The Penna model for biological aging was modified. The reproducibility of each individual was determined according to the number of mutations relevant at that time. The results of Monte-Carlo calculations using the modified model show that the ranges of the reproducible age are broadened as time goes by, thus showing self-organization in biological aging to the direction of maximum self-conservation. In addition, the population, survival rate, and average life span were calculated and analyzed by changing the number of new mutations at birth. It is observed that the more the number of new mutations at birth is considered, the shorter the average life span that is obtained.
Kwang Hwa Chung, Yong Hyeon Shin, Sue-Nie Park, Hyun Sook Cho, Soon-Ae Yoo, Byung Joo Min, Hyo-Suk Lim and Kyung Hwa Yoo
G. O. Kim and S. Shim, "A Modified Penna Model for Biological Aging", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 277-279, pp. 130-136, 2005