Bioactive bone cement with mechanical properties higher than that of commercial polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) bone cement are strongly desired to be developed. In the present study, PMMA-based cement incorporated with nano-sized rutile particles was prepared. The PMMA-based cement (rutile content was 50 wt%) shows the compressive strength (136 MPa) higher than that of commercial PMMA bone cement (88 MPa). The hardened cement formed apatite on the surface in a simulated body fluid within 3 days. Therefore, this PMMA-based cement incorporated with rutile particles might be useful as cement for fixation of prostheses as well as self-setting bone substitutes, because of its high apatite forming ability and mechanical strength.