In Vitro Mechanical Properties of a Calcium Silicate Based Bone Void Filler
The objective of the paper is to investigate the mechanical and the handling properties of a novel injectable bone void filler based on calcium silicate. The orthopaedic cement based on calcium silicate was compared to a calcium phosphate cement, Norian SRS from Syntes Stratec, with regard to the working (ejection through 14 G needle) and setting time (Gillmore needles), Young’s modulus and the flexural (ASTM F-394) and compressive (ISO 9917) strength after storage in phosphate buffer saline at body temperature for time points from 1h up to 16 weeks. The calcium silicate cement is composed of a calcium silicate powder (grain size below 20 µm) that is mixed with a liquid (water and CaCl2) into a paste using a spatula and a mixing cup. The water to cement ratio used was about 0.5. The calcium silicate had a working time of 15 minutes and a setting time of 17 minutes compared to 5 and 10 minutes respectively for the calcium phosphate cement. The compressive strength was considerably higher for the calcium silicate cement (>100 MPa) compared to the calcium phosphate cement (>40 MPa). Regarding the flexural strength the calcium silicate cement had high values for up to 1 week (> 40 MPa) but it decreased to 25 MPa after 16 weeks. The phosphate cement had a constant flexural strength of about 25 MPa. The results show that calcium silicate cement has the mechanical and handling potential to be used as high strength bone void filler.
Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo
H. Engqvist et al., "In Vitro Mechanical Properties of a Calcium Silicate Based Bone Void Filler", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 829-832, 2006