In Vitro Mechanical Properties of a Calcium Silicate Based Bone Void Filler

Abstract:

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The objective of the paper is to investigate the mechanical and the handling properties of a novel injectable bone void filler based on calcium silicate. The orthopaedic cement based on calcium silicate was compared to a calcium phosphate cement, Norian SRS from Syntes Stratec, with regard to the working (ejection through 14 G needle) and setting time (Gillmore needles), Young’s modulus and the flexural (ASTM F-394) and compressive (ISO 9917) strength after storage in phosphate buffer saline at body temperature for time points from 1h up to 16 weeks. The calcium silicate cement is composed of a calcium silicate powder (grain size below 20 µm) that is mixed with a liquid (water and CaCl2) into a paste using a spatula and a mixing cup. The water to cement ratio used was about 0.5. The calcium silicate had a working time of 15 minutes and a setting time of 17 minutes compared to 5 and 10 minutes respectively for the calcium phosphate cement. The compressive strength was considerably higher for the calcium silicate cement (>100 MPa) compared to the calcium phosphate cement (>40 MPa). Regarding the flexural strength the calcium silicate cement had high values for up to 1 week (> 40 MPa) but it decreased to 25 MPa after 16 weeks. The phosphate cement had a constant flexural strength of about 25 MPa. The results show that calcium silicate cement has the mechanical and handling potential to be used as high strength bone void filler.

Info:

Periodical:

Key Engineering Materials (Volumes 309-311)

Main Theme:

Edited by:

Takashi Nakamura, Kimihiro Yamashita and Masashi Neo

Pages:

829-832

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.309-311.829

Citation:

H. Engqvist et al., "In Vitro Mechanical Properties of a Calcium Silicate Based Bone Void Filler", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 309-311, pp. 829-832, 2006

Online since:

May 2006

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Price:

$35.00

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