Engineering Plasticity and Its Applications

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Authors: Xiao Dong Hu, Dong Ying Ju
Abstract: Twin-roll thin strip casting process combines casting and hot rolling process into a single step; in which melt and solid states exist in the casting region, so its deformation is more complex than rolling process. In this paper, Anand’s model, a unified visco-plasticity constitutive model, was employed to simulate the highly nonlinear behavior in the twin-roll casting process. Anand model’s parameters were regressed based on compression tests at various temperature and strain rate for magnesium alloy AZ31. To calculate the thermal mechanical stresses, the thermal flow of twin-roll casting process was simulated firstly; then stresses were calculate, in which the temperature field result of thermal flow was imposed as body load, and a small displacement load along roller tangential direction was imposed simultaneously in order to simulate rolling action. The deformation results can well describe the forward slip zone, backward slip zone and melt eddy zone in the casting region. Based on the results, the applicability of Anand’s model on twin-roll casting process was discussed.
Authors: Ichiro Shimizu, Naoya Tada
Abstract: Biaxial compression tests with an abrupt strain path change have been performed on polycrystalline aluminum to investigate the plastic deformation behavior under complex strain histories. Attentions are paid especially to the rapid change in the normal stresses due to the abrupt strain path change. The influences of the prestrain amplitude and the angular relation of sequential strain paths on the stress changes were also studied. The results showed that the transient increase of the normal stresses related to the latent hardening phenomenon with strain path change as well as the plastic anisotropy increase with the pre-straining amplitude. The transient increase in the stress was also affected by the strain histories in the sequential compression tests with the strain path change. The transient stress increment became large to the maximum then decreases with the angle between the sequential paths.
Authors: Junko Minematsu, Yasuhide Nakayama, Ichiro Shimizu, Tetsuo Naka
Authors: Takeshi Uemori, T. Kuramitsu, Ryutaro Hino, Tetsuo Naka, Fusahito Yoshida
Abstract: This paper deals with experimental observations and modeling of plastic deformations of a high strength steel sheet (HSS sheet) under biaxial stress conditions. Using a cruciform specimen of a HSS sheet of 980MPa-TS, experiments of proportional and non-proportional loadings were performed. Numerical simulations for the biaxial stress-strain responses were conducted using a constitutive model of large-strain cyclic plasticity (Yoshida-Uemori model), and the results were compared to the experimental data. The results of numerical simulation show a good agreement with the experimental results, which is attributed to accurate modeling of the backstress evolution of the anisotropic yield surface.
Authors: Masatsugu Yaguchi, Masato Yamamoto, Takashi Ogata, Nobutada Ohno
Abstract: The monotonic tensile and creep deformations of a directionally solidified (DS) superalloy are investigated for several loading directions. The material exhibits remarkable anisotropy under elastic and creep loading conditions, whereas it shows isotropy under loading conditions of high strain rates. Tension-torsion creep tests are also conducted to investigate the deformation under multiaxial stress conditions. Referring to the observed behavior, a unified constitutive model, which has two features, is developed for the DS superalloy. One is a static recovery term of back stresses that is prescribed as a transversely isotropic property, which is supposed to have an effect on the deformation behavior under creep loading conditions. The other is the division of inelastic strain into two components, which represent octahedral and cubic slip system deformations, so as to describe multiaxial creep deformation. Calculation results obtained using the constitutive model are compared with the uniaxial and multiaxial experimental results to evaluate the validity of the model.
Authors: Masafumi Akamatsu, Kazuhiko Nakane, Nobutada Ohno
Abstract: In this study, a linearization approach is used to develop an implicit integration scheme for high-temperature inelastic constitutive models based on non-linear kinematic hardening. A non-unified model is considered in which inelastic strain rate is divided into the transient and steady parts driven, respectively, by effective stress and applied stress. By discretizing the constitutive relations using the backward Euler method, and by linearizing the resulting discretized relations, a tensor equation is derived to iteratively achieve the implicit integration of constitutive variables. The integration scheme is then programmed as a subroutine in a finite element code and applied to a lead-free solder joint analysis. It is thus demonstrated that the integration scheme affords the quadratic convergence of iteration even for considerably large increments.
Authors: Seung Chae Yoon, Young Gi Jeong, Sun Ig Hong, Byong Sun Chun, Hong Rho Lee, Kyeong Ho Baik, Hyoung Seop Kim
Abstract: Mg and Mg alloys are promising materials for light weight high strength applications. In this paper, grain refinement of pure Mg using severe plastic deformation was tried to enhance mechanical properties of the hard-to-deform metallic material. The microstructure and the mechanical properties of Mg processed by equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) at various processing temperatures were investigated experimentally. ECAP of channel angle of 90o and corner angle of 0o was successful without fracture of the samples at 300 oC. The hardness of the ECAP processed Mg decreased with increasing ECAP processing temperature. The effect of temperature on the hardness and microstructure of the ECAP processed Mg were explained by the dislocation glide in the basal plane and non-basal slip systems and the dynamic recrystallization and recovery.
Authors: S.H. Cho, Sung Won Youn, C.G. Kang
Abstract: The nano/microstructure and mechanical/tribological properties of the eutectic regions in thixo/rheo-cast A356 alloy parts were investigated using nano/micro-indentation and mechanical scratching, combined with optical microscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Most eutectic silicon crystals in the A356 alloy showed a modified morphology as fine-fibers. The aging responses of the eutectic regions in both the thixo/rheo cast A356 alloys aged at 150 0C for different times (0, 2, 4, 8, 10, 16, 24, 36, and 72h) were investigated. Both Vickers hardness (HV) and indentation hardness (HIT) test results showed almost the same trend of aging curves, the peak was obtained at the same aging time of 10 h, and in tribological properties of thixo/rheo-cast, the friction coefficient of thixo-cast was investigated lower than that of rheo-cast.
Authors: Sang Bae Jeon, Tae Wan Ku, Jeong Kim, Beom Soo Kang
Abstract: Mechanical damping systems have been widely used to various industrial structures and are mainly hydraulic and pneumatic devices nowadays. This article presents an experimental investigation of a nano colloidal damper. Particularly for colloidal damper, the hydraulic oil is replaced by a colloidal suspension, which is consisted from a nano-porous matrix with controlled architecture and a lyophobic fluid. Nano colloidal damper test rig and the measuring technique of the hysteresis were described in this study. Influence of the water volume and particle diameters upon the nano colloidal damper hysteresis was investigated. As a result, the proposed nano colloidal damper (NCD) is proved as an effective one, which can be replaced for the conventional hydraulic damper.

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