Advances in Fracture and Damage Mechanics VI

Volumes 348-349

doi: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.348-349

Paper Title Page

Authors: Hubert Koeberl, Gerhard Winter, Martin Riedler, Wilfried Eichlseder
Abstract: Cyclic loading of metallic engineering components at constant elevated or fluctuating temperature causes a complex evolution of damage which be can hardly be described in a unique and straightforward manner. Often the thermal behaviour of the base metals is to weak, so thermal barrier coatings were needed. Nickel is generally used for such thermal barrier coatings. Therefore it is necessary to study the thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) of this material. The lifetime of these coatings is very strong affected by the temperature loading in general, both described by nodal temperatures and their local gradient. The thermal cyclic loading takes place as thermo-mechanical and low cycle fatigue (LCF) damage regime. To classify the thermo-mechanical failure mechanism of pure nickel, OP (out of phase) and IP-TMF (in phase) test series were examined. The use of damage parameters like the unified energy approach make sense, a more detailed life time calculation for pure Nickel can be done by using the Neu-Sehitoglu model. Summary, thermomechanical loadings activate multiple damage mechanism. Surface embrittlement by oxidation is the major distinctive mechanism in addition to pure fatigue damage. Different lifetime approaches were tested and analysed to fulfil the requirements for the fatigue analysis of nickel made components.
793
Authors: Kuniharu Ushijima, Hironobu Nisitani
Abstract: Finite element method (FEM) is used widely for various structural problems. However, in general, it is difficult to guarantee the accuracy of results obtained by commercial software of FEM. In this paper, a practical finite element technique for calculating the stress concentration factors with high accuracy is proposed in consideration of physical meaning of stress concentration, and applied to a 2-dimentional stress problem.
797
Authors: Jana Horníková, Miroslav Černý, Pavel Šandera, Jaroslav Pokluda
Abstract: The nanoindentation test in the dislocation free crystal of copper is simulated by finite element calculations coupled with ab initio calculation of ideal shear strength. The onset of microplasticity, associated with the pop-in effect identified in experimental nanoindentation tests (creation of first dislocations), is assumed to be related to the moment of achieving the value of the ideal shear strength for the copper crystal. This value also depends on the normal stress in the critical shear system in an approximately linear way, as follows from recently published first principle calculations. The calculated values of the critical shear stress (related to the ideal shear strength) lie exactly at the lower limit of the range of experimentally observed pop-ins in the copper crystal.
801
Authors: Li Qiang Tang, Yong Yang, Jing Yuan Yang
Abstract: The power law hardening constitutive relations for porous material were established by the material yield function. An idealized interface fracture model was established in which the indenter as rigidity was embedded in the porous material. Under the condition of plane strain, through the analysis of the singularity of the stress and strain and combining the motion and compatibility equations, the governing equation of the wedge-tip was deduced. With the help of numerical calculations and boundary conditions, the asymptotic solutions of the stress and strain near the wedge-tip were obtained. Finally, the influence of the material constants α (pressure sensitive coefficient), the angle of the indenter and the interfacial friction on the fracture of the porous material was discussed.
805
Authors: Oğuzhan Çopuroğlu, Erik Schlangen
Abstract: In the present study the damage mechanism of Alkali-Silica-Reaction (ASR) in concrete bearing reactive volcanic rock is investigated. A combined numerical and experimental research is presented. The mechanism of ASR is investigated on a concrete microbar specimen by using various microscopy techniques. A meso mechanical model based on lattice theories is used as a starting point. Variables in the model are the properties of the concrete components on the meso-level, like mechanical properties of cement paste, aggregates, dissolved aggregate, bond properties and finally the properties of the gel. It is found that current numerical model is able to simulate ASR cracks similar to the experimental observations.
809
Authors: Yuan Hua, Bao Hua Lv, Tai Quan Zhou
Abstract: The parametric variational principle adopts the extreme variational idea in the modern control theory and uses state equations deduced from the constitutive law to control the functional variation, which is an effective solution to the nonlinear equations. Based on the fundamental equations of elasto-plasticity coupled damage problem, the potential functional of elasto-plasticity is constructed. Also the state equations with approximation of damage evolution equation and load functions are constructed in the paper. The solution of elasto-plasticity damage problem can be deduced to solve problem of the minimum potential energy function under the restriction of state equations. Thus the parametric variational principle for coupled damage is proposed. The variational principle has the virtue of definite physical meaning and the finite element equations are presented in the article to facilitate the application of parametric variatioal principle, which is easy to program on computer. Using the method mentioned in the article, a numerical calculation is carried out and the calculation result shows that the method is efficient for solving elasto-plasticity damage problem.
813
Authors: Zhen Qing Wang, Ji Bin Wang, Wen Yan Liang, Juan Su
Abstract: The viscosity of material is considered at propagating crack-tip. Under the assumption that the artificial viscosity coefficient is in inverse proportion to the power law of the plastic strain rate, an elastic-viscoplastic asymptotic analysis is carried out for moving crack-tip fields in power-hardening materials under plane-strain condition. A continuous solution is obtained containing no discontinuities. The variations of the numerical solution are discussed for mode I crack according to each parameter. It is shown that stress and strain both possess exponential singularity. The elasticity, plasticity and viscosity of material at the crack-tip only can be matched reasonably under linear-hardening condition. The tip field contains no elastic unloading zone for mode I crack.
817
Authors: Xian Shun Bi, Xue Feng Cai, Jian Xun Zhang
Abstract: A crack in an infinite plate of functionally graded materials (FGMs) under anti-plane shear impact loading is analyzed by making use of non-local theory. The shear modulus and mass density of FGMs are assumed to be of exponential form and the Poisson’s ratio is assumed to be constant. The mixed boundary value problem is reduced to a pair dual integral equations through the use of Laplace and Fourier integral transform method. In solving the dual integral equations, the crack surface displacement is expanded in a series using Jacobi’s polynomials and Schmidt’s method is used. The numerical results show that no stress singularity is present at the crack tip. The stress near the crack tip tends to increase with time at first and then decreases in amplitude and the peak values of stress decreases with increasing the graded parameters.
821
Authors: Xiang Guo Wu, Sang Mook Han, Sung Wook Kim, Su Tae Kang
Abstract: An R-curve formula for ultra high performance cementitious composites is derived in this paper. The fracture mechanics based on R-curve is used to predict the load-deflection relation of ultra high performance cementitious composites. The reductions of stress intensity factor and CTOD by steel fiber reinforcement are assumed as conforming linear distribution along crack propagation. The effective numbers of steel fiber on unit area based uniform distribution is used here. Results of the theoretical predictions show a good agreement with test results of three point bending beam of UHPCC. The modified R-curve formula for UHPCC can be a reference for future study of fracture performances of UHPCC.
825
Authors: Sang Mook Han, Xiang Guo Wu, Sung Wook Kim, Su Tae Kang
Abstract: Direct uniaxial tension test of ultra high performance cementitious composites I shape specimens have been investigated in this paper. A nonlinear analytical model based on continuum damage mechanics is developed to characterize tensile stress-strain constitutive response of UHPCC. Basic governing equations of damage evolution and material constitutive relation are established considering random damage which conforms to a modified Weibull type distribution proposed in this paper. Calculation suggests that Weibull distribution can describe damage evolution of UHPCC and predict the constitutive relation and damage evolution equation.
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