Figuring of Elliptical Neutron Focusing Mirror Using Numerically Controlled Local Wet Etching
Numerically controlled local wet etching is a novel figuring method for fabricating the ultraprecision optical components and/or finishing the functional materials. In this method, localized wet etching area is formed by applying the combination nozzle which consists of a supply part and a suction part of an etchant, and the removal volume at any point on the workpiece surface is determined by the dwelling time of the nozzle. In this paper, we proposed the two-step figuring process, which consists of a rough figuring process by applying a one-dimensional numerically controlled scanning using a large rectangular nozzle and a finishing process by applying two-dimensional numerically controlled scanning using a small circular nozzle, for figuring the plano-aspherical mirror. By applying the two-step figuring process, we fabricated the plano-elliptical neutron focusing mirror with the figure accuracy of less than 0.5 µm and succeeded in achieving the focusing gain of 6.
Fan Rui, Qiao Lihong, Chen Huawei, Ochi Akio, Usuki Hiroshi and Sekiya Katsuhiko
M. Nagano et al., "Figuring of Elliptical Neutron Focusing Mirror Using Numerically Controlled Local Wet Etching", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 407-408, pp. 376-379, 2009