Size Effect on Thermal Properties in Low-Dimensional Materials

Abstract:

Article Preview

An extension of the classical thermodynamics to nanometer scale has been conducted to elucidate information regarding size dependence of phase transition functions and binary phase diagrams. The theoretical basis of the extension is Lindemanns criterion for solid melting, Motts expression for vibrational melting entropy, and Shis model for size dependent melting temperature. These models are combined into a unified one without adjustable parameters for melting temperatures of nanocrystals. It is shown that the melting temperature of nanocrystals may drop or rise depending on interface conditions and dimensions. The model has been extended and applied to size dependences of melting enthalpy, melting entropy, atomic cohesive energy. Moreover, the above modeling has been utilized to determine the size-dependent continuous binary solution phase diagrams. These thermodynamic approachs have extended the capability of the classical thermodynamics to the thermodynamic phenomena in the nanometer regime.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Grégory Guisbiers and Dibyendu Ganguli

Pages:

189-218

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.444.189

Citation:

M. Zhao and Q. Jiang, "Size Effect on Thermal Properties in Low-Dimensional Materials", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 444, pp. 189-218, 2010

Online since:

July 2010

Authors:

Export:

Price:

$35.00

In order to see related information, you need to Login.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.