Theoretical Analysis of Photonic Band Gaps and Defect Modes of Novel Photonic Crystal Waveguides Consisting of Si-Ion Implanted SiO2 Using the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method
In this paper, photonic crystals (PC) based on 2-D periodic arrays of air holes were investigated on Si-ion implanted SiO2 using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations. The PC design parameters based on the telecommunication wavelength (λ=1.55 µm) were obtained by varying the radius to lattice constant ratio (r/a) from 0.2 to 0.45. We analyzed both transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) mode propagation in triangular-lattice PCs. The result obtained shows that a PC bandgap (PBG) exists for TE-mode propagation in the Si-ion implanted SiO2 patterned 2-D triangular lattice of air holes. We have also calculated the dispersion relations for the TE mode of a line defect in the structure and shown a fabricated sample. These analyses are obviously important for fabricating novel PC waveguides, which can easily be integrated into the existing silicon technology for directing light from one part of a chip to the other.
Osamu Hanaizumi and Masafumi Unno
A. V. Umenyi et al., "Theoretical Analysis of Photonic Band Gaps and Defect Modes of Novel Photonic Crystal Waveguides Consisting of Si-Ion Implanted SiO2 Using the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method", Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 459, pp. 162-167, 2011