Research of Surface Deformation with Metro Double Tunnels Construction and the Relative Position Change
With the rapid development of our economy, the urban traffic becomes increasingly busy. To ease traffic congestion, underground rail transportation is becoming one of the main modes of transportation in city. At present in order to relieve the traffic congestion most major cities in China are accelerating the construction of subway tunnels. The relative position change of metro double tunnels and construction of the sequence will affect the surface subsidence deformation and the interaction of the tunnel lining. It is more concerned about these issues in tunnel design. It is the main purposes, in this paper, to analyze the metro double tunnels surface deformation, which affect by the position changes of new construction double and the sequence of construction. From the numerical simulating results, in order to reduce surface subsidence and ensure the structural safety over the subway tunnel, it should try to make double-tunnels at the same horizontal plane in design. If the double tunnels could not be located at the same horizontal plane, the double-hole tunnel construction sequence of the deformation of the surface subsidence effects are obvious it is obvious that the double tunnels construction sequence differently make the deformation of the surface subsidence. To reduce the deformation of the surface subsidence, it should be first excavated the shallow tunnels and then excavated the tunnel buried deeply. The ideal distance of the double tunnels center is greater than 4 times the tunnel diameter. It can make the surface subsidence reduce to the minimum during the metro tunnel construction.
Ahmad Kamal Ariffin, Shahrum Abdullah, Aidy Ali, Andanastuti Muchtar, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali and Zainuddin Sajuri
Y. K. Wu and W. Feng, "Research of Surface Deformation with Metro Double Tunnels Construction and the Relative Position Change", Key Engineering Materials, Vols. 462-463, pp. 732-737, 2011